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In order to fully understand how industrial surge protection devices add improved functionality within a wide range of industrial businesses, we must understand the different types of electrical fluctuations that can happen, and the different types of industrial surge protection that can be integrated. Through a more fully understood environment, we can make strategic decisions that are not only valid globally for all types of industries but also specific for one type of installation in order to improve its overall up times as well as equipment loss or repair rates. Industrial surge protection is capable of being wired in 2 different ways. An in-line connection has a conductor to route load current to the surge protective device itself, and a separate conductor routes the current from the surge device to the load. A T-connection is also referred to as a parallel connection. In this type of setup, a separate wire will connect the main load wire to the surge device. This case has an extra line length in between the protection itself and the wire which it is protecting. Additional line lengths can result in the passing of additional voltage. Which type of set up is most appropriate will depend upon the individual circumstances in which the installation occurs.
The different types of power surges that can have a negative impact upon functionality will have different sources. Lightning strikes are one of the primary causes of damage at industrial facilities, and this damage is separated into two different types. The primary type of damage that is seen as a result of a direct strike by lightning to a structure often results in the complete destruction of the equipment located inside. The other type of damage that happens as a result of lightning are when local strikes to other areas nearby the equipment occur, and result in power surges. These cause electrical fluctuations when excess electricity couples onto structural elements or connectivity cables running between pieces of equipment. If this equipment has a specific power range that will keep it safely operational, this excess power flow will generally have a damaging effect on the circuitry or internal components. This damage can range from fire and complete meltdown to the degeneration of circuitry which ultimately leads to premature equipment failure. There are other types of power surges that do not have lightning as the source as well. When it comes to ongoing degeneration of circuitry, one of the biggest sources out damage is power switching transients which are usually generated on the grid side by trees falling on the lines or other disruption of the flow of electricity. Inside of a physical plant as well, when highly inductive loads switch on and off it causes overvoltages to occur. This can have a negative effect upon computerized equipment by causing periodic minor degenerations of the circuitry inside. All of these types of surge related damage can be mitigated or avoided completely through the integration of advanced surge protection technologies. The reduction of business expenses over time as a result of these protections produces not only businesses that run more efficiently but also businesses that can provide more consistent and reliable services.