Green energy power production technology has come a long way in the last 20 years. The primary objective of producers of green energy is to drive down the costs associated with the process. This is because even though the fuel source that is used to make electricity in these technologies is without cost, the process itself will generally cost more than fossil fuel counterparts. The main cost involved in the production of fossil fuel electricity types is getting the fuel source itself, which is limited in its availability and subject to price fluctuations that can make extraction operations challenging. Even with no fuel costs associated with wind or sun, the processes with which the energy in these elements is converted into electricity that can be used by consumers are expensive. As with any emerging technology, the price is reduced over time as improvements are made to the systems themselves, or to the process. In this case, the overwhelming majority of innovations that have happened within the wind and solar spaces have been geared towards driving costs down. This can be found especially in the areas of creating less expensive components that are exposed to the elements, as these components can either age to the point of no longer being useful, or are damaged in the field. One of the most significant threats to these types of systems are lightning strikes, which cause damage at the point of the strike and also as a lightning surge that conducts through the system. This happens because when lightning strikes an exposed solar panel or wind turbine, there is damage as a result of the explosion or fire at the point that is struck. If this was the limitation of the damage, then improvement to the cost of those types of components would solve the issue. The problem is that lightning also produces a discharge of static electricity which couples into connectivity lines and transfer cables. This allows this electrical surge to move easily from the strike point to the sensitive and expensive equipment used in the process located some distance away. Lightning strikes that happen even to structures that are not directly connected to the green energy system can also find their way to it and have a negative impact. For this reason, surge protection has become one of the more important technological evolutions with regard to keeping green energy systems up and running.
The integration of technologically advanced surge protection devices within power production systems, strategically placed at the potential entry points of the static electrical charge and the equipment used in the process, can help to drive down ongoing production costs significantly. The protection of this equipment can extend life span as well as keep these types of systems online and producing for longer periods of time. Because the power source has no cost, the real loss occurs whenever the systems are offline due to maintenance or repair. Through the involvement of more technologically advanced surge protection equipment that is improved over time, the costs of production using these types of systems is being brought down.