The telecommunications industry is highly specialized, and as a result needs both specialized equipment and connectivity structures in order to provide the services that are required. While the specialized equipment is susceptible to damage simply due to its electronic nature, this issue is amplified within the telecommunications industry due to the equipment being positioned in the field. For a simplified understanding of the dangers that are faced, we must consider the necessary components and setups that bring cell service to users. A coverage area is the amount of ground that is able to be serviced by a cell tower by having a signal be within range. A person holding a cell phone within this area of coverage will receive and transmit signals between their device and the tower. For a coverage area to be without dead areas, the amount of space that each tower can effectively cover must overlap between towers, creating a larger space that is without gaps. The signals to the tower that is within range must be able to be unobstructed in order to be clear and strong, essentially guaranteeing that the cell towers that are providing the service to the customers in that area are the tallest structures within that area, and are sometimes located in relatively remote areas as well. This makes the towers themselves a natural target for lightning strikes, which have the characteristic of taking the path of least resistance to earth. This means that lightning is mostly going to strike the tower if it is within the vicinity of it. While there are techniques and devices that attempt to draw the strike away from the tower itself so as to prevent direct strikes, it is nearly impossible to completely prevent a lightning strike to such a perfect target. For this reason, lightning rods and overhead shields will only prevent a portion of strikes to cellular towers.
The solar power production industry represents not only billions of dollars in technological investment, but also a future world of cleaner environments and cheaper power. The debate surrounding the solar industry in its goal to be recognized by global governments as a viable alternative to fossil fuel energy production is connected completely to money, and the protection of an antiquated fossil fuel industry and methodology that not only employs people but also generates profits in the billions of dollars every year. The fossil fuel industry is well established, and as such has large amounts of money to spend on lobbying and misinformation campaigns designed to sway public opinion. The alternative forms of power production represent a significant threat to their bottom line, and therefore alternative energies are being fought at every step. If alternative forms of energy production such as wind and solar were more readily recognized as superior to fossil fuels, there is a possibility that larger amounts of government research and funding would be granted to them, potentially solving two key issues that keep green energy production smaller than fossil fuels. These two issues are cost of manufacturing and the ability to manufacture enough to support communities single handed, without the need for backup forms of production to satisfy demand. What this means is that all arguments against the full embrace of wind and solar by governments globally boils down to community support, and people are lead to believe that these methods of production are more expensive and cannot produce enough to keep the lights on 24 hours a day. Embracing these alternative forms of production could create funding streams that solve these issues, for instance finding vialble electrical storage systems for alternative energy sources, and creating an effective end to the strangle hold that fossil fuel power production has on the world. These are the reasons that there is such an effort to stifle progress and technological development that could advance the industry, expanding production capacities and lowering costs. But eventually the tide will turn, it has to.
Benjamin Franklin flew his kite during a storm in an attempt to study the properties of lightning, and since this time lightning has been a major topic of study. Franklin was seeking information on a way to potentially control lightning by conducting a strike to a specific place, and nearly all of the research and development since has followed the same idea. Lightning is devastating, and has the ability to create huge amounts of damage in a completely unpredictable way. There is nearly no way to prepare a specific area for a strike before one happens because we have no method of predicting where the strike will land. We can assume that there will be lightning strikes, and we can make predictions based on research about lightning being attracted to specific properties like metals, height and isolation. However we cannot predict exactly when the lightning strike will happen, if ever. All we can do is put in place the best form of protection against the lightning strike, and hope that it never has to be tested. Lightning is a force powerful enough to completely destroy nearly anything, and kill instantly. We have no method of preventing it from happening, so all we can do is guard against it as best we can.
AC Surge Protection
Lightning has been scientifically studied for many years, first being investigated by Benjamin Franklin in 1749 with his famous kite and key. The push to study lightning comes from two places, first out of respect for the massive amounts of power that a lightning strike creates and the desire to find ways to harness and exploit it, and second out of fear of the damage it often results in. Lightning strikes have been creating damage and havoc since people have been constructing dwellings, but the need to more fully understand and thus prevent lightning related damage really evolved due to the proliferation of electronic equipment. “Transient overvoltage’s” (TOVs) affect electronic device users, telephone systems and data processing systems by damaging the internal components, as well as taking systems offline. Those involved with many business models rely upon remaining operational in spite of TOVs. These include data systems that experience higher levels of disturbance because they cover large areas, and any system that has grown in its integration of electronic components and is also connected to exposed lightning strike points.
The Creation Of A Better Surge Protection Device
To understand the evolution over time of surge protection technology, lightning protection and surge protective devices, we must first understand the history from which they were derived. The earliest forms of lightning protection were not necessarily concerned with electrical surges, and were more concerned with lightning strikes themselves and the damage that is caused at the strike point. Previous to the harnessing of electricity in order to power devices, the dangers of lightning strikes came in the form of explosions and fires if lightning was to strike a home or building. As structures grew in height, they became more natural attractants for lightning strikes, as lightning will generally take the path of least resistance to the ground. This means that it will strike at the top portions of any structure that is both connected to the ground and closest to the origination point. Lightning is attempting to go to earth and is thus attracted to connecting with the points that are higher in the sky than all surrounding points. In modern times we think of huge towers and skyscrapers, but we must realize that the issue will remain consistent no matter how tall or short the buildings or structures of an area are. Even if all of the structures within an area are only a few feet high, lightning will be attracted to the tallest of them. Even in times before electricity powered our homes, lightning striking a dwelling posed a serious threat, and as a result the “lightning rod” was developed as the first type of device designed to prevent damage as a result of a strike. The lightning rod simply became the highest point and was made from materials known to attract lightning. It was positioned in such a way that drew the strike away from structures to avoid having damage occur to the structure. The lightning rod later became a useful tool for telegraph lines and electrical grids, once they evolved. The telegraph system was the first to develop what was more of a surge protective device in the mid-1800s, when the term “arrestor” was applied to simple gaps in telegraph lines. The gap could be operated remotely by a telegraph worker in order to protect telegraph lines during predictable weather that could produce lightning. Because the surge produced by the lightning strike could travel along telegraph lines, operators realized the need for a method of stopping the flow, and the first crude “arrestors” were born from this need. The idea was to simply interrupt the flow along a path, then potentially allow the surge to die at that point or to divert it elsewhere. Interestingly enough, this idea still remains at the core of all surge protection technology.
Protection From Lightning Is The “X-Factor” Of Green Energy
The “green” energy production market is one that has been evolving on several important fronts for many years. The basic premise behind it is not new, but as it is expanded and improved upon the potential for more widespread adoption for use in industries becomes more valid. There are a few crucial elements that have been holding back wider spread rollouts of green technologies as a method of electricity generation for greater numbers of people connected to the existing electrical grid systems, but slowly and surely these factors have been overcome through technological advancement. As the common conventional sources of power generation have little to no ability to technologically improve in order to solve existing issues, it must be assumed that once a critical level of technological advancement in the green energy market has been achieved, the new methods will replace conventional fossil fuel methods of production. So what are the issues and what is being done to solve them?
Although there are few people in the modern time who would argue against green energy production techniques like wind and solar systems being viable as a way to generate power, these industries still face opposition from an economic standpoint. It is an unfortunate aspect of society that something must not only be more effective but also less expensive than an opposing thing in order to be considered “better”. Even though there is no argument that wind and solar methods of energy production are cleaner and more economical from a fuel standpoint (wind and sun are free while fossil fuels have extraction costs associated) the total costs for production tip in favor of fossil fuels currently. This is due to the infrastructure in place already to support the production of energy from fossil fuels, the incredible lobbying power of the fossil fuel industry, and the expense associated with the equipment involved in the higher tech collection processes’ related to solar and wind energy production. Additionally, the ongoing repair and replacement of wind and solar energy “manufacturing and collection” equipment in the field drives these energy production methods up. Energy production using fossil fuels is crude and simplistic, using the burning of a fuel source like coal or oil to turn turbines and generate electricity. Aside from the costs of the fuel and the fixed costs of storage and transport of the power, there are few technical advances happening that would require new equipment. Energy production using these methods is understood by the public to be damaging to a certain level to the environment and people’s overall health, but because it is less costly than a cleaner alternative, it continues to be accepted. Unfortunately, people are willing to put a price on their own health and well-being, and that of their descendants, because of their desire to pay the lowest amount monthly for their power bills. As a result, the acceptance of new research funding that would further the technology involved in green processes and bring down the costs over time, gets cut from budgets. Consumers want to pay the lowest amount right now, and will generally support the dirtier methods as a result. The argument of the superior methods being better fall on deaf ears as consumers recognize that “better” most times costs more.
FTTA PTTA Solutions For Telecom
Surge protection devices are not a luxury for today’s industry, but rather are a critical aspect of nearly any mission-critical industrial installation. Equipment involved in most industries has grown in expense to the point of being inextricably tied to the survival of the business if it is damaged or destroyed before an expected life span. And, while modern business will take great steps to protect their bottom line through pricing that will compensate for unexpected damage to equipment in the field, the competitiveness of most business landscapes forces participants to protect their capital investments at all costs. Damage related to electrical surge is a primary concern in industries that position equipment in the field. Many of these surges are caused by lightning strikes and others are caused grid-side, switching errors or transients. The damage that is created in circuit-driven components can be immediate or prolonged, the immediate damage coming in the form of total overload and circuit destruction if not explosion and fire, and the prolonged damaged coming in the form of on-going degradation of circuits, causing performance errors and finally complete failure over time. Either way, the damage that is produced as a result of surging electricity must be prevented or at least minimized if margins are to remain healthy, and profitability is to remain intact. This not only includes but may very well be epitomized by the highly specialized telecommunications industry, where stiff competition for customers forces both the increased capacities of networks for better data transfer and lowered operational costs so as to offer lower monthly bills. As the industry ages and consolidates, network operators look to find ways of both increasing network capacities and connectivity while also lowering customer plans prices, which is a difficult task. Increases in costs as a result of unexpected damage to equipment can render damage to an operator within a short time frame, and customers will not accept increased charges without significant improvements to service, if at all. This squeeze creates a situation where telco operators must figure out improved ways of getting the most out of their existing equipment in the field, and generally this will involve improving electrical protection and specifically surge protection devices.
While installations and facilities used for industrial business differ with a wide variety of designs and facility layouts, generally there are a few characteristics that can be found virtually across all industrial applications. In general these characteristics involve the physical locations of the installations. Many are located in relatively remote locations and involve a variety of structures, some that are taller than surrounding ones. These locations are used for a number of reasons ranging from less expensive land, cheaper labor, a centralized location or by the need to have tall and unobstructed structures as part of the industrial process. But the issues that can arise as a result of all these characteristics can present themselves as similar scenarios. Remote and unobstructed structures will attract lightning strikes during inclement weather, simply because lightning will generally take the path of least resistance to the ground. If lightning can find a structure which is directly connected to the earth and is taller than everything else in the area, it will strike that structure more often than striking structures which force it to travel further distances. This simple fact of psychics presents a significant threat to businesses that rely upon those types of industrial installations will very tall structures located in remote regions.
Transient Voltage Surge Suppressors, Surge Protective Devices and The Surge Protection Of Telecommunications Systems
Damage from elements such as lightning strikes to cell towers and other field equipment used by the telecommunications industry is one of the greatest threats to profitability and network connectivity. This is primarily due to a single aspect of the systems that is unavoidable; the towers are positioned and located with intention to be the tallest structures within an area, specifically to provide an unobstructed path for communication between user’s devices and the cell tower itself. Simply put, the strength and quality of a cell phone signal is dependent upon the device’s distance from a tower, and how much interference is positioned in between the user and the tower. The single best way to assure strong signals is to position the radio equipment at the tower which sends and receives the signal at a high point on the tower. While this practice will assure a higher level of signal strength, it also puts this equipment at risk from lightning strikes to the structures. One of the natural characteristics of lightning is its attraction to the highest point of a structure that is connected to the ground.
Industrial grade surge protection is not a new concept. Surge protection itself has been around in one form or another since we started utilizing computerized equipment to make our lives easier. As soon as components that involved circuitry were connected to an electrical source and turned on, we realized that fluctuations in that power flow could have an adverse effect on both the operation and the electronic components themselves. Electrical transients have caused malfunctions, data loss and even damage to the circuitry involved. Each moment that expensive equipment was connected to the power source was putting it in danger of damage from electrical surges. The advent of surge protection came shortly after, with the development of methods to cut the power supply to equipment if power were to exceed a certain point that was deemed “safe.” Circuit breakers cut the flow if it exceeded a certain amount, and additional surge protection equipment was developed to provide a level of protection for components managing functions that couldn’t afford to be cut off from use for long periods of time.
The modern industrial business landscape is one that relies heavily on technologically advanced, mission-specific equipment in order to perform critical tasks. While these components are crucial to the processes of any number of industries, they are also alarmingly sensitive and easily damaged. They are required to provide reliable service within environments that many times can be considered far less than ideal, and do so with only minimal levels of protection against the elements leaving them open to potential damage from both natural and manmade sources. Industry-specific practices allow for equipment to be protected from things like vandalism and rodent encroachment by way of robust cabinetry solutions in some cases, or by positioning the components out of the way where they cannot be reached easily. However, the implementation of physical structures or positioning can really only provide the most basic levels of protection from the most obvious causes of damage. Physical enclosures can keep the weather out and allow for climate controlled spaces that will reduce instances of overheating or malfunctions due to moisture penetration. These physical barriers against damaging natural elements are nearly always designed for the systems before they ever are switched on, but they can provide nearly no protection against violent electrical storms and lightning strikes, nor the resulting power surges which account for a large percentage of damage to critical components in the field.
Industrial applications make use of the most robust versions of equipment in all processes, simply due to the fact that equipment must be kept up and running at all times. In industrial settings you will often find equipment within the harshest of environments, fully or partially exposed to the elements, and enduring ongoing wear and tear. All the while industrial equipment is expecting to outperform residential equipment and remain working through any day or night. Industrial equipment is tasked with far more arduous operation than anything that is being used in the residential space. It is responsible for keeping critical systems online for the ongoing function of whatever business they support. Industries such as communications, power generation, transportation and others are responsible for keeping the connected world moving, and huge amounts of energy is expended to support that effort.
Raycap is a world leader in the design and manufacture of industrial surge protective devices. Our specialization in the space has lead to numerous industry leading products which can be integrated into nearly any industrial application, and which are being utilized across the globe by industry leaders in a wide range of businesses. Our premier SPD is the Strikesorb line, which features a patented technology that makes it superior to all competitors. Robust housings, advanced materials and maintenance free operation throughout the lifetime of the devices make them the logical choice for mission-critical assets in need of protection from lightning and grid-side power surges.
Many people may have never heard the term “SPD.” This is industry jargon for “surge protection device” and is used as a method to describe anything that has the ability to prevent excessive amounts of electricity from getting from one place to another if necessary. Generally they are used as a failsafe to guard against the unexpected increase of current through power lines as a result of some incident like a lightning strike or internal switching error. These unexpected fluctuations in the amount of electricity flowing through lines can damage circuitry in any component that is connected to that power source, with the issue being compounded in situations where components are interconnected and thus have the ability for the surge to flow from one component to the next. In this type of incident, there is a possibility of the loss of entire systems, resulting in potentially millions of dollars of damage as well as lost business. For these reasons, those with significant investments in equipment that can be damaged by this type of situation will generally seek out the best industrial SPDs available for their type of integration.
Nearly any industry that relies upon sensitive computerized equipment will benefit from surge protection. In residences, homeowners or renters can lower their risk of loss due to power surges by installing surge protection inside the building connected to the items needing protection, or have a certified electrical contractor install a whole house advanced surge protection device where the power enters the home that will help protect everything in the home from damage that can be caused by an electrical storm. Levels of risk for businesses are significantly higher because of the millions of dollars’ worth of control and communications equipment that may be exposed to power surges due to an electrical storm. This is why serious businesses, especially those in lightning prone areas, choose to protect their investments with the best industrial surge protection devices. When a single power surge can literally cost tens of thousands of dollars, it is better to overcompensate than to find out the hard way that your equipment was under-protected.
Green energy technologies are the methods through which power is produced for public consumption using fuel sources that are not burned or destroyed in the process. For many decades, power was produced through the burning of fossil fuels in order to turn turbines that generate electricity. This electricity is stored and distributed to consumers through a connection to a power grid. Alternative energy production uses the same methods of distribution to the public, but is significantly different with regard to the manufacturing process. Instead of destroying a fuel source that is in limited supply and creates harmful by-products such as air, water and soil pollution, green energy technologies produce power through the harnessing of a fuel source like wind or sun and then use that fuel source to turn turbines which generate the electricity. The fuel sources have no cost and produce no harmful by-products, obviously making them a superior choice to fossil fuels.
Undepleatable Sources Provide Clean Energy With Technology
The finite nature of the fuel sources that are used to generate energy is a major problem for all people on Earth, not just those in developed countries. While there are definite issues with the costs to the environment that the burning of these fossil fuels has, the actual purchase price that must be paid for the fuel itself is tied directly to the supply, which is limited. Simply put, there is only so much oil, coal, wood or other fossil fuels in existence. Once these resources dwindle past a certain amount, there is no more “being made” that can extend the supply further. Even through the limitations of supply would not be breached during any of our lifetimes given the current population increase rate, we must think about the future and put in place methodologies that make sense fifty, one-hundred or two hundred years in the future. This is one of the primary arguments for the development of technologies that utilize sources that will not be easily depleted in power production, such as the sun and wind, and the fast adoption of these same technologies will benefit environmental impact issues as well. Every day that fossil fuels are used to produce power is another day that gets us closer towards the supply being exhausted, and another day of environmental damage that more than likely cannot be reversed. Through the ongoing adoption, advancement and development of improved production methods that use un-depleatable resources, we can stop the damage and create a better world for ourselves and our future generations.
Surge Protection For Renewable Energy Sources
Renewable energy sources are not only important to our planet’s future, they are important to its current state as well. For many years, the fossil fuel industry has dominated the market. Using government lobbying tactics as well as misinformation campaigns, they have created a situation where the public has little knowledge of the real benefits of renewable energy, believing instead that it is just a more expensive alternative to fossil fuels, and that there is no permanent environmental damage being done. In reality these statements and beliefs can be proven false, and are being pushed forward as a means of protecting profits at the expense of the public both environmentally and economically. It is important to understand the current state of renewable energy production methods as compared to those of fossil fuels, in order to determine if a more widespread adoption of renewables is beneficial.
New Energy Production Methods Use Advanced Surge Protection Devices
For many years the world has relied almost exclusively upon fossil fuels in order to produce electricity for public consumption. While these fuels may vary, the process always involves burning or breaking down the fuel in some way in order to produce energy that produces the electricity itself. The issues with fossil fuel power production are many, involving the byproducts produced by the process as well as the finite nature of the fuel sources themselves. As fossil fuels become more scarce, the price increases steadily. With no method of producing more of that fuel source, we are left with no other option but to move on to other fossil fuels, which may produce damage to the earth in their harvesting or may be even more damaging to the atmosphere with their by-products. These issues have lead to a revolution in the energy production field, and the introduction of new energy production methods that are able to be technologically improved upon to make them more efficient. This means that while they may already be more beneficial to life on earth due to the fact that they have less environmental impact, they can also be improved upon to make them less expensive. Once the production method proves out to be less damaging and cheaper at the same time, there is no reason to use the antiquated technologies again.
The general public has a basic knowledge of the clean energy development debate. They know that there is pollution produced through fossil fuels that has a negative effect on their air and atmosphere. They also know that their electric bills will be lower if they support fossil fuel production, so they will generally weigh the perceived damage vs the costs they pay every month. Environmental damage is not something you can easily observe when looking at the sky, so people will often vote with their wallets and ignore the damage that is being caused. Warnings from environmental scientists are ignored as overhyped or completely false, and consumers go about their daily lives thinking that green energy is not a bad thing, but it is not worth spending extra money on developing because it costs them more. Unfortunately these people are wrong.
As America and the world struggle with the issue of energy, its cost and the impact its production has on the planet, companies are quietly developing new technologies which will improve the current situation. The debate stems from a basic disagreement between two camps, one that places environmental impact as the most important aspect and the other that favors lower costs and depletion of finite resources. Both sides make powerful arguments as to why we should or should not fund development of new technologies that could improve production from alternative energy sources, but while the debate rages on so does the private development of these very technologies. The main reason behind the private business sector’s interest in developing improved clean energy technology with or without government funding is because there are two aspects that are improved by technological advances in the space. The first is the development of cleaner and less environmentally impactful energy production methods, and the second is the improvement of these methods so as to function at a more economical level than fossil fuels. In a nutshell, this means that not only is clean energy going to produce less harm to the environment, it is going to be cheaper to produce than fossil fuels in the long run. The leaders within the clean energy space will benefit the most from this tipping point, when the public realizes that clean energy production will actually save them money. As a result, advances within the space are being made by private companies like Raycap and its customers every year.
Renewable Energy Surge Protection
“Renewable energy” is a term that is used to describe the production of electricity using a fuel source that does not have to be burned or mined in order to generate power. Typical and traditional production methods involve the burning of a fuel source like coal, wood or oil in order to turn turbines which therefore generate electricity for public use. Renewable energy production works much the same way, but the difference is that the “fuel source” is a natural element that does not have to be destroyed in order to provide the movement to the turbine blades. Converting this energy into electricity is accomplished in different ways based upon the type of “renewable energy” that is being harnessed. For example, in the case of wind power, large blades affixed to turbines are moved by the flowing wind, creating no residual product like smoke or pollution. The wind moves over the blades of the wind turbine and creates movement due to their shape and position. In the case of solar production, sunlight is collected on panels and is used to heat liquid trapped within a pipe system. This liquid expands and pushes through the system including across turbines, thus moving them to generate power. Once again there is no residual product produced using this system. Hydro-electric power is generated in much the same method as wind, only using flowing water to turn the turbines. While the actual methods of production vary, the methods are referred to under the umbrella of “renewable energy” as the fuel sources do not run out, and are not destroyed by the process.
New Energy Surge Protection
Many people have never heard the term “new energy.” The typical residential customer will turn on the lights after work and never think twice about the production of the power that ultimately allows the lights to come on. For decades, this power has been taken for granted and generated in the same ways, by burning some form of fuel that was harvested from the earth, these fuel sources typically being coal or oil. There are two main issues with burning fossil fuels to obtain electricity, first and foremost is that they create a by-product when burned that pollutes the atmosphere of the planet. Secondly these fuel types are limited in supply, and while many people think that the reserves of oil, coal and natural gas are unlimited, most scientists disagree. Humans have harvested much of the easily accessed fossil fuels, so now new deposits are generally found in areas that are not within the primary usage area. This means that areas like the United States and Europe pay enormous sums to other countries in order to import the fuel source for use. While negotiations between countries generally keep the fuel prices relatively affordable, we live every day with the knowledge that supply is limited and prices will only rise as shortages become more critical.
Green Energy Surge Protection
The term “green energy” is used to describe any form of energy production which uses fuel sources which are undepletable, natural and do not need to be burned in order to perform the function they are tasked with. Generally, the discussion of green energy refers to three main production methods at the time of this writing. These methods are wind, solar and hydro-electric power. While these processes are quite different in the methods they utilize to produce the final product, they are also also alike in that they turn turbines through the use of a natural element like wind flow, water flow or sunshine. The processes of wind and hydro-electric power production are similar in that turbines are turned through a flowing element moving across appropriately positioned blades. Solar is slightly different in that it uses collection of sunshine to heat liquids within a plumbed system, causing them to expand and therefore flow and turn the turbines. All of these methods use a fuel source which is free and has no limitations as far as quantities available over time.
Energy From Undepletable Sources
Over the course of the past ten years, there has been a growing interest and push towards development of new and improved technologies that would create energy from “undepletable” sources. This push has created a division in the population as to their opinions on this type of energy production, with one side arguing in support for fossil fuels and the opposing side arguing for several technologies that fit under the umbrella of “undepletable.” energy production. While the “fossil” fuel industry is one that creates usable power from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil, the renewable energy sector uses fuel sources which do not require burning or destruction in order to perform the task they are harnessed for. Due to the fact that these fuel sources are not mined or harvested from the earth in a way that pulls a combustible agent from the ground, they are considered “undepletable,” because there is an unlimited supply which is not reduced by collection. The fossil fuel industry faces a problem in that their fuel sources are finite and become rarer each year, generally pushing prices upward. The renewable energy sectors use fuel which is unlimited and which has no cost, quite obviously making it a superior method of creating power both in a cleaner and more efficient way. The supporters of fossil fuels cannot argue against these facts, and as support they cite cost as the deciding factor. Currently, fossil fuel power production happens with a cost that is equal or lower than alternative energy production, a situation which can be changed through technological innovation. Supporters of the fossil fuel industry oppose funding this type of innovation due to the obvious threat to their profits, or the belief that the money spent on innovation will not produce a cheaper product.
Clean Energy Surge Protection
The production of electricity is crucial to modern life as we know it, and the most effective means of producing this energy will always be employed. There are several different methods of effectively producing electricity for public consumption, and the methods that are employed en-masse are generally dictated by several factors. The first of these factors is overall production costs, and the ultimate price that a consumer must pay for the use of a specific amount of power. The costs associated with producing that unit of power must be completely covered, and a profit structure applied to the amount on top of these costs. The fixed costs of production across all forms of energy production involve the storage and transport of the electricity, as well as method-specific costs that are different depending on the way that the product is generated. In the case of fossil fuel production, costs of a fuel source like oil or coal must be factored in, as well as the costs associated with the processing of that fuel source ultimately resulting in electricity being produced. In the cases of “clean energy” sources there is no cost associated with the actual fuel as it is a sustainable and renewable element that is not burned to produce the ultimate product. The fuel sources of wind, sunshine and flowing water are necessarily purchased although there are costs associated with taking these natural resources, and the associated costs of processing involve the transition of that free fuel into electricity through mechanized turning of turbines.
The entire concept of “green energy production” focuses on the production of electrical power in a way that would have less impact on the environment and ultimately would be affordable for consumers. Essentially, the development of green energy production methods comes in response to dramatic changes to the environment and atmosphere, and the costs associated with using so much of it. While the damage that is being done is unmistakable in the form of removal of resources that have a limit (coal, oil, natural gas), as well as the obvious pollution that is produced when these resources are burned, the debate over how much damage is done to the atmosphere continues to rage by those with short sighted goals. The justification for continual use of these methods as opposed to pushing forward with development of more alternative energy production is based on corporate profits vs damage to the environment. Consumers have not been fully convinced that the use of fossil fuels is doing significant damage to the Earth, and as a result they tend to lean towards the least expensive and most reliable method of electricity production.
What is a surge protection device? The answer to this question can take many different forms, but essentially a “surge protective device” or SPD is a piece of equipment that is installed between a power source and equipment powered by that source, specifically to provide a form of protection from a surge in the electrical current. There are several methods of providing this surge protection which involve diversion of the flow, complete cutoff of the flow or drawdown of the flow using a variety of techniques. The most easily understandable method of explaining a surge protective device is to explain its functionality and purpose, which is to prevent electrical flow to a device from exceeding a specific safe level.
Industrial sites need to be protected from electrical surges with overvoltage protection devices and systems. Raycap’s offerings for overvoltage protection are comprised of components which are of the highest industrial grade, for example the patented Strikesorb and SafeTec surge protection technologies. Strikesorb offers the ultimate level of protection for the entire facility by providing service entrance protection, while Safetec is deployed at feeder panels in side the facility to protect the critical and sensitive equipment inside including computers and data microprocessors, as well as any other devices connected to and powered by an electrical grid. Power surges produced by lightning strikes carried by the grid or by switching transients produced by equipment inside the facility itself, as well as other types of overvoltage events, are some of the most common and costly issues faced by industry when it comes to equipment damage and replacement. It is only through adequate overvoltage protection (OVP) that these costs can be avoided.
While solar generated power is one of the most innovative and potentially earth changing technologies to ever be developed, it does have costs associated with it. Many people do not understand the costs, due to the fact that the sunshine that ultimately is used as a fuel source to produce the power is free. The comparisons to fossil fuel production methods using oil and coal as fuel sources can be made with regard to the final product that is produced, but ultimately the processes are quite different and have different expenses. Within the fossil fuel space, the main cost is the fuel source itself, but within the green energy space the main costs are operating expenses, or the maintenance and replacement of equipment.
Green energy technology is a phrase used to describe several different industries that generate consumable electricity using a variety of methods. The unifying element across these different production methods is the use of a clean and renewable fuel source in order to turn the turbines necessary to create power. Within the fossil fuel industry, this same process is completed by burning a fuel source such as coal, oil or wood in order to turn the turbines that produce the electricity, but in the green energy space there is no need to burn fuel. This creates the same effect without pollution or damage to the environment in the form of greenhouse gas emissions, and also without the necessity to mine or harvest the fuel source. With green energy technology the fuel source, including wind, solar or water, is harnessed and converted into electricity. These fuel sources are also available without cost, positioning green energy technology as being the obvious logical choice for anyone desiring a cleaner environment. While global warming and the actual amounts of damage caused to the environment by fossil fuel production is understood in the scientific community, some still debate the causes of the excessive greenhouse gases causing climate change. However, there is no denying that green energy technology does produce a cleaner process, and in doing so poses a definite threat to the fossil fuel industry profits because of its potential for also producing a less expensive product.
Raycap is a leading designer and manufacturer of surge protection devices. The devices that are produced are designed for industrial applications, but can easily be implemented into home systems as well, protecting against the damaging electrical surges produced by lightning strikes, switching errors, transformer malfunctions or a bevy of other sources. The Strikesorb technology produced by Raycap often exceed the standards that are placed on typical surge protection components, integrating more robust housings, more advanced components and an “always on” design that needs no replacing or resetting after it has performed its duty. This provides a constant protection to equipment and systems, even after a surge instance that would require conventional surge protection technology to sacrifice itself in order to protect, yet leaving the formerly protected equipment vulnerable to future surges. Blocking additional surges after the initial incident are critical in effective protection of equipment, and only Raycap devices are most capable at it.
Raycap is one of the world’s leaders in the development and manufacture of surge protection devices. These devices are designed to have a single purpose, to cut the flow of overvoltage to equipment beyond the point of their install. The devices are designed to be the premier products available in the surge protection market, not only surpassing the levels of protection offered by competitors but also going above and beyond to offer unique characteristics that provide value to users. Raycap designs its products to not only protect investments, but also to provide protection of function, keeping systems online or restoring them to functionality in less time than competing devices. This commitment to not only a higher standard of performance, but to the highest standard available, is what has driven Raycap technological research since its inception. That same commitment to protection is seen in other devices that may not have the technological level that the surge protection devices do, but that are equally important. This same degree of commitment to producing the best possible enclosures for street level equipment is seen in the Raycap line of “outdoor active cabinets.”
Within the telecommunications industry, an issue that is continually being addressed with improvements is the protection of field equipment. There is a necessity for the placement of significant amounts of high tech equipment within settings that are exposed to potential harm and damage. Both natural and un-natural damage is a risk to exposed equipment, which can be vandalized as easily as being destroyed by weather. In order to provide the greatest level of protection available, the “street cabinet” or “outdoor active cabinet” was developed. These aluminum enclosures are designed to provide the maximum amount of protection available while at the same time allowing for ventilation in order to prevent internal overheating issues. These enclosures are constructed of aluminum alloys, reducing the possibility for corrosion while also reducing electrical conductivity, creating a balance between strength and critical limitations of materials. In addition to strength and security, street cabinets are also modular and are able to be designed and configured for any number of customer needs.
RF Protection is an industry term that describes surge protective devices that are installed with the task of shielding radio frequencies. This type of technology is generally integrated into and near telecommunications equipment in order to protect RF and coaxial data or signal lines. Raycap’s concentration within this space is the design of products that will assist service for areas where RF equipment must remain up and working, protecting against surges and spikes that will result in damage to communications equipment. While the vulnerability of power lines to electrical surges is well known, less widespread is the understanding that data and communications lines are equally susceptible. Lightning strikes to connected data lines can just as easily knock out communications capabilities between components as well as networks, as well as potentially destroy data storage components, leading to massive losses of stored data.
The technology that has been developed by Raycap to provide cellular surge protection for RF equipment protects against electromagnetic pulses and electrical surge transients. Strikes can produce a steep rise in electric fields within micro-seconds, generating extremely high voltage pulses to antennas and to other unprotected equipment. These events produce not only physical damage, but will also damage customer satisfaction, an element that is critical to the modern telecommunications business. Outages and disruptions create unhappy customers that switch networks, and they do not care about the reasons for the disruptions. The fallout from a lightning strike to power lines, data lines or directly to equipment itself can result in massive losses in the form of equipment replacement costs, but also customer revenue.
Raycap specializes in electrical protection in the telecommunications field. Even a single lightning strike to an unprotected system can cause losses that will put a strain on a business, making the protection of communications systems paramount. For this reason, Raycap has developed specialized products that are integrated at critical points within the system in a redundant manner, ensuring that no strike will produce the levels of damage or prolonged outage that would be seen if other methods are trusted. Quite simply, Raycap manufactures the world’s most technologically advanced and physically robust surge protection and connectivity devices available to the telecommunications market in order to keep communications systems in place and functioning. Raycap takes this effort so seriously because we understand that not only your business is relying on us, but also your customers. A lack of connectivity during emergency situations can be the difference between life and death, and because of this we understand that it is not just a cellular phone in your customer’s hand, but a tool that can make all of the difference in a critical situation. We are constantly researching ways to improve our SPDs even further, and push the connectivity level to as close to 100% as possible. We strive to make your business better for both you and your customers, and promise to provide the best protection on the market both now and in the future.
Raycap is well known globally as a manufacturer of surge protection devices for numerous industries, including the highly specialized telecommunications industry. Within this specialization is RRH protection (remote radio head) which is essentially the exposed equipment that is housed atop cellular towers and other structures, designed to communicate with the base band unit (BBU) network in order to provide connectivity for individuals within range of that network. This equipment has been recognized as being vulnerable to damage from a number of weather-related sources, most importantly lightning strikes to the tower or structure. These strikes create immediate damage at the strike point, but also bring with them surge oriented damage to equipment that is in the vicinity of the strike. Strikes to the structure are often times coupled into power and communications lines which connect the RRH and BBU, as well as associated equipment midstream. The lightning surge event that transpires is nearly always of a great enough magnitude to destroy circuitry in all components, and is only able for equipment to be protected by the integration of industrial surge protection devices at critical points. Using Raycap’s unique Class 1 MOV surge protection technology in the FTTA (Fibre to the antenna) and PTTA (Power to the antenna) connectivity architectures, DC power is effectively protected against lightning surges and fiber-optic cable is better distributed at distributed base station (DBS) or RRH architectures.
Protect The Turbines
The alternative energy industry consists of different areas that make up the bulk of what is considered “renewable energy”. These are wind, solar and hydroelectric power, with wind and solar showing the most promise of greater adoption and expansion in the future. The push towards renewable energy sources is not necessarily grounded in the protection of the environment, although that does play a major role in public support. In reality, the move toward renewable sources of energy is about sustainable resources for the future, and cost. To be completely beholden to oil or coal as the primary fuel sources of a nation’s electricity puts that nation’s coming generations in a tenuous position for the future. With regard to fossil fuels, countries are generally reliant upon trade agreements with oil producing countries, and the desire for energy independence combined with the potential for the ability to produce energy cheaper, leverages public support for renewable energy as oil prices increase. People have begun to call for technological advances that provide cleaner and cheaper power, and are looking to the wind and solar industries to provide these solutions.
Protection From Lightning For Businesses
Each business is unique, even if they share the same industry. Each type of business no matter what the product or service they provide are seeking a common goal, the maximization of profits through customer retention and new customer acquisition, the streamlining of operations and the reduction of costs. As industries get more crowded with competitors offering the same products to their customers, the levels to which they operate must improve. The market itself will eliminate those who do not provide superior products and low prices, as it has grown easier and easier to find competing businesses offering more and more to their customers. Pressures mount to provide a better product at a lower price, and the only way for companies to reduce prices is either by reducing profit margins or improving operations.
Wind Turbines Are Better Protected With Surge Devices
One of the biggest issues hindering the progression of wind power as a replacement for fossil fuel energy production is cost. When the total costs of making a specific amount of electricity using wind power are compared to the total costs associated with fossil fuel production, we see the higher costs associated with wind energy production which result in higher costs to the consumer. While most consumers are concerned about the environment, the cost issue will generally be seen as the major deciding factor with regard to the support the public provides to one method over another. Because wind power production costs more than fossil fuels, the public support goes away from the method that can provide more environmental impact, unfortunately. Recent technological advances in the surge protection industry may however help change the dialog forever.
Wind power’s costs are not fuel related, as they are in the fossil fuel methods. Wind does not need to be purchased or mined. Instead the major costs are associated with start up costs and ongoing repair and replacement of components crucial to the process, which are often damaged in the field during the course of use. Because wind turbines are generally placed in exposed areas and are the tallest structures, they are often struck by lightning. This damage to the actual towers and blades of the system are almost unavoidable, and the costs of replacement must be factored in to any business plan. The additional costs associated with the repair and replacement of computerized equipment that is connected directly to the turbines is a greater and unknown issue. The surge that is produced by the lightning strike easily travels through connected power and data transfer lines, moving from the strike point to the sensitive equipment almost instantaneously. This surge overloads the circuitry of the devices, often times causing damage, explosions and fires. Sometimes the damaged caused by overloaded circuits is not known until a piece of equipment fails. The added losses associated with electrical surge damage has proven to be difficult to manage within the pricing structures that consumers are willing to bear, making it difficult for many wind power operators to reach and maintain profitability without government subsidies. However, studies have shown that the integration of advanced industrial grade surge protection devices within the turbine structures can stop the flow of the power surges before they cause damage, preventing a major portion of the costs that must be figured into the current business plans. In addition to these damage related costs, savings as far as resetting and replacing equipment can also be found if the surge protection devices are able to withstand multiple lightning surges without failure, such as those manufactured by Raycap. These types of SPD are functional even after a strike instance, allowing for systems to be protected with greater confidence, and ultimately saving replacement time and money. Each moment that a wind turbine is not producing because of to damage, and is in an offline status, the business is losing money.
If you are a wind power producer who has not yet outfitted your systems with the most advanced industrial grade surge protection devices available, contact a Representative of Raycap today to discuss options.
Solar Surge Protection On Industrial Levels
Solar power production on an industrial level is accomplished using fields of solar panels which harvest sunlight in order to heat liquid within attached tubing and turn turbines. This electricity is then captured and transported via electrical grids to customers for consumption. While the storage and transport aspects of solar power production are much the same as the processes used by fossil fuel producers, the mechanisms deployed for solar power production are far more “high tech” than many used in the processes of extracting and burning fossil fuels. While the high tech nature of the equipment used allows for more efficient generation, it also creates a more expensive product. This is due to the fact that the equipment involved in the process that controls panel alignment, regulation and system analysis is computerized and highly susceptible to damage. This equipment is attached directly to the panels via power and data cables, and electrical transients that alter the typical power flow to and from this equipment can easily overload the circuitry and cause damage or total destruction. The costs of equipment repair and replacement, as well as the costs of downtime and non-production during peak hours as a result of damage, lead solar power to ultimately cost more than the fossil based fuel production of the same product.
Wind Turbine Blades Are Not The Biggest Expense
There are some equipment repair and replacement costs associated with the operation of a wind farm that can create insurance issues. Just like with solar power production and the ongoing push to manufacture less expensive solar panels in order to reduce replacement costs, wind turbines also have damage issues that must be addressed. There are cases where wind power producers have found it difficult to secure adequate insurance against natural damage to their equipment, simply due to the physical makeup and positioning of those components.
A crucial component that must be figured into the systems of solar power generation is surge protection, if the business is going to be shielded from weather related damage costs. Solar farms primarily utilize a photovoltaic (PV) system in order to produce energy. These systems have the ongoing issue of being subject to weather related damage simply due to their exposure to the elements and physical makeup. Wear and tear on exposed components by wind, dust, dirt and rain is difficult to avoid, however a far more serious potential for damage resides in the occurrence of lightning strikes to panels or connected equipment. The expected deterioration of exposed system components can be figured into the cost of ongoing operations, and can be reduced through the manufacture of more robust panels, however the damage caused by lightning strikes is both far more severe and far more preventable through the integration of advanced surge protection devices (SPD) into the PV system.
Solar energy production represents an exciting opportunity to turn the tide from fossil fuel heavy fuels which are not renewable, to the renewable energy provided by the sun. The reason there is so much potential for growth in these renewables is because of our ability to advance and improve solar energy production through the use of technology. Advancements within new technologies provides the ability to lower production costs, store the energy produced for longer periods of time without substantial loss, transport the product across longer distances, and produce the product with less environmental impact. The ability to identify softness in the process and improve it with technological advances creates a landscape of infinite possibilities for new energy.
Wind farm operators will often worry about their inability to secure adequate insurance coverage. This is because when insurance companies, after assessing risk factors involved in the daily operation of a wind power generating facility, realize that the risks associated with lightning strike are far greater than what they typically underwrite. Essentially, the risk of equipment damage exposed to harsh weather may be within the guidelines of what is acceptable, but the unique makeup of wind farm structures adds an additional damage rider to policies that increases the costs and potentially makes the farm impossible to insure by the owner.
Misunderstandings of lightning and weather events can cause some people to fail to realize the importance of surge protection with regard to solar fields and energy production systems. Alternative or “green” energy systems are understood to be primarily solar, wind and hydro-electric, with each using a completely renewable and free fuel source to create electrical power. While lightning strike threats are obvious when it comes to wind farms (often the tallest structure in an area), many fail to recognize that solar farms can also be in danger of lightning damage, even though they are typically lower to the ground and sitting nearly flat. Solar installations are not immune to lightning strike damage because they do cover wide expanses and are exposed to the elements. When there is a lighting strike near a solar site chances are it will affect one or more of the panels themselves. The damage that is sustained at the strike point itself is hard to avoid, but the real problems are actually a result of the resulting power surge. This is why solar surge protection is so crucial to the profitability of solar power producers, as an important cost of doing business lies in the repair and replacement of damaged equipment.
Wind Farm Lightning Protection Solutions
Insurance risk to wind farms is a hotly contested issue, and the underwriting of insurance policies to cover losses to wind power producers is quite an involved process. This is due to the multiple forms of damage that typically will befall wind power producers, generally categorized into two sections: property and mechanical. Each type of damage will result in losses, but the types of losses that are typical have very different frequencies and therefore have to have very different types of insurance policies to back them.
Street Cabinets For Equipment Protection
Information technology is the force behind industrial control and distribution equipment used in the telecommunications or energy industries, and improving system functionality and protecting the investment is of primary importance, especially when it comes to sensitive systems. While “computer issues” are always a concern in any business, there are ways that sensitive systems can be protected from elements and the dangers and expenses associated with downtime. One example of this is the advanced “street cabinet,” which is essentially a reinforced box with heat dissipation capabilities and protection from small creatures or rodents. It is within which this environment that outside telecom or utility equipment can be placed in order to be protected. Street cabinets are generally used where it is necessary to place expensive and sensitive equipment — used in a process either at street level or in public spaces — into an environment where it is protected from exposure to potentially damaging circumstances. These cabinets can be manufactured from a variety of materials and can come in a variety of forms, but the general purpose is the same, to protect the sensitive equipment that is inside while allowing it to function properly.
Advanced street cabinets manufactured by Raycap provide the necessary protection to computerized or electrical equipment placed in public spaces that could be damaged due to this placement. This damage will generally occur through a variety of situations ranging from being struck by lightning to rodent infestation, or vandalism, and as a result they must be tough enough to withstand penetration from a number of causes. If a cabinet were to be struck by lightning and it was made from a protective material that could conduct electricity, it would almost certainly assure the destruction of all equipment inside. For this reason, Raycap street cabinets are constructed of high strength aluminum and plastic materials that will not enable the surge produced by a lightning strike to couple into attachments or connection points. The points where wiring must exit the cabinets are reinforced through specialized grommets or other sealing devices in order to minimize the exposure points that would allow for moisture and air leak, both of which can have devastating effects on running equipment. At the same time, ventilation systems are integrated that will allow for air transfer in order to prevent overheating of equipment due to the enclosed and sealed nature of the structure. A balance between climate control internally and protection externally is the best defense that industry has to protect their investments in the field. Raycap is a leader in manufacturing the technologically advanced cabinets necessary to provide that protection.
Raycap’s street cabinets have been the choice of leading industry decision makers for years, and are the logical choice for those tasked with extending the useful life span of equipment used in numerous industries. The reduction of expense with regard to operations is one of the most important tasks that must be attended to in order to maintain profitability as well as online status. Raycap is dedicated to providing its customers with the most advanced solutions available, ranging from integrated surge protection devices to the cabinets that hold the computers. Contact a representative today to find out more.
Solar Surge Protection Systems
Solar power production has grown significantly over the course of the past decade, both in the form of industrialized systems that produce for communities as well as individual systems that are available for residential usage. The growing widespread adoption of solar power systems to produce consumable energy can be attributed on the industrial level to the fact that is has the ability to not only generate cleaner power with less environmental impact, but also has the ability to generate less expensive power as technology improves. The adoption of solar power systems on the residential level has to do with the ability to generate power for your own consumption yourself, and the availability of sunlight as a fuel source in far more situations that other sources like running water or even wind. Quite simply, solar power production is the future and will improve the communities that it is adopted within, producing necessary electricity in more widespread applications with less environmental impact than any of the other forms.
Nearly every industry has become more technologically advanced over the past decades, and there is not nearly a single business that is not reliant upon computers for some portion of their operations. Due to this move into the technology space even by industries that would not seem to need to be technologically advanced, the increasing need for equipment protection becomes even more important. The things that everyday consumers take for granted are generally tied to computerized systems in one form or another, and the only time that this dependence becomes apparent is when the system is no longer available. When your power goes out, or when you cannot get a cell phone signal, you are being indirectly affected by a system that is probably controlled by computers, and you are witnessing in real time the need for protection systems to be in place.
Industrial Surge Protection
As a variety of industries grow more technologically advanced, they find the challenge of protection of the crucial assets of their processes to be increasingly important, and difficult. Although there is generally a driving down of the prices of computerized equipment over time as it becomes more widely distributed, industrial applications are typically on the cutting edge of the technology itself, essentially utilizing equipment that has yet to see price reductions. This is due to an ever increasing demand from the public for more advanced services, faster connectivity, longer uptimes, more data transfer, clearer communications, increased capacities and larger customer loads. The demands that are placed on industrial businesses relentlessly increase due to both consumer demand as well as cutthroat competition, and the only way to keep up is to utilize the latest technological advancements that are available. This is expensive, and can be a nightmare to service over time.
Overvoltage Protection From Raycap
Within numerous industries that rely on the installation and ongoing operation of high tech equipment, the integration of overvoltage protection serves as one of the most important cost saving measures that can be undertaken. It is through these integrations that the technological components of businesses are able to function for longer timeframes as well as extended lifespans. The greatest threat to computer equipment is electrical surges that overwhelm the limitations of circuitry, and damage as a result of these overvoltage incidents can only be prevented by never allowing the surge to reach its potential destination. Raycap creates and manufactures the technology that does just that.
While any component that is connected to an electrical supply line is potentially in danger of being the victim of an overvoltage event caused by any of the millions of electrical surges that happen every day, equipment in the field is far more at risk. Your home computer can be effected by a power surge that destroys internal circuitry if the regulated flow of electricity to your home is allowed to escalate. This will generally be as a result of some failure in the power supply chain, and is actually quite common. For this reason, computer manufacturers suggest keeping surge protection devices in between the power supply to your home and your computer, so as to be able to cut the flow if there is a spike in current. The same premise is true of the millions of dollars worth of equipment that sits on industrial sites worldwide, each and every piece being easily damaged by the slightest surge of electricity past the limitations of the circuitry. The main differences between industrial surge protection and residential is that the levels of electricity that power industrial sites are far greater, and at the same time the equipment faces threats that are not typically seen in residential applications. As an example, the alternative energy industries consist of components that are completely exposed to the elements, and through their very nature they are targets for lightning strikes. These exposed components are directly connected via power lines and structures to equipment that is quite sensitive, and which would be damaged by the electrical surge that would be coupled into these lines by the lightning strikes that are so common. Without industrial overvoltage protection installed at critical points on the supply line, as well as at redundant points within the structure itself, any strike to a solar panel or a wind turbine would destroy far mare equipment and cause far more damage than that which is produced by the lightning strike itself. Strikes to cellular towers would destroy equipment between the RRH unit and the BSU. Through keeping these circuits not only protected from damage but continuing to function even after a strike, systems of communication and critical production are kept online.
Overvoltage protection for industrial installations is not only achievable but is critical to the operation of modern systems in nearly every industry, and Raycap is leading the field in nearly all of them. Contact a representative today to learn more about how Raycap’s unique line of SPDs can benefit your business.
While the industrial and residential markets both benefit from surge protection devices that provide a layer of protection to shield sensitive computer and data processing equipment from electrical transients, the two markets are quite different in the devices that perform the tasks. The typical residential surge protection device will generally come in the form of a surge strip, or maybe a slightly larger switchoff device that also integrates a battery backup. These types of devices are usually called upon to protect computer equipment in homes from electrical transients that are not large enough to actually trip circuit breakers, but still large enough to do damage to circuitry. There is a threshold that all computerized equipment can handle before sustaining damage to the processors and internal components, and even the slight breaches of this threshold that are seen when minor power surges happen still cause damage. This damage might not be as gratuitous as a complete failure of the component, but ongoing degradation over time also shortens the useful life span of any equipment that goes unprotected. The job of a surge protection device is to prevent the level of electrical flow from going over a specified amount under any circumstances, and that can be accomplished through various means. Circuit breakers will cut off the flow of electricity through a panel, and surge suppressors cut off the flow from the point of the actual connection of equipment to the wall outlets.
The solar power industry is not unique in that the ultimate product being created is electricity that is used to power homes and businesses. The production method itself is what sets it apart from other industries that produce the same product. In the past, fuel sources were needed to be exhausted or burned, ultimately turning generators which produced electricity. These types of fuel sources were generally naturally occurring elements that were mined or harvested from the earth. Alternative energy uses naturally occurring fuel sources which do not need to be burned in order to be utilized in the same process, generally consisting of wind, water and sun. These elements are harvested and used in processes which ultimately turn turbines and produce electricity without destroying them or producing by-products like pollution or waste. In the case of solar, the sun’s heat is gathered on technologically advanced panels which heats liquid in tubes attached to the panels. The expansion of this liquid turns turbines to produce electricity. While this is a very basic portrayal of the process, the main takeaway is that the fuel source used is both clean and free.
The wind power industry has faced difficulty over the years gaining acceptance within the United States. This is primarily due to the fact that even though the fuel source that drives the wind turbines and produces power is free, the actual costs associated with the process can amount to much more than fossil fuels. When faced with the question whether to produce the same product (energy) in two different ways, most people will opt for the one that costs them the least in the long run. Unfortunately, it’s becoming apparent that in the United States, current public policy does not place much value upon the reduction in pollution that can happen as a result of a wider scale rollout of clean wind power. The decision to commit resources towards wind power also will fall short when the consumer realizes it will likely cause their power bills to increase. The good news is that technological advancements are bringing the production costs of wind power down, and eventually wind power costs are expected to fall below those of fossil fuels. This will be accomplished through the extension of the life spans of the associated wind farm equipment, which is susceptible to large scale damage as a result of, wind, rain, lightning and other environmental factors.
Protecting the valuable equipment that is used for the industrial production of products and services is important to nearly every industry. The minimization of operating costs through the extension of the useful life spans of critical components will be achieved in various ways depending on the industry, but the process of protecting components takes on similarities across nearly any industrial installation. Shielding equipment from the weather and damage as a result of tampering may be as simple as placing it into street cabinets that are robust enough to provide protection against the harshest climates. Shielding equipment from surge related damage is more complex, and the levels of protection that are achievable will generally be dictated by the precision of the installation of SPDs, and the technological level of the devices themselves. Quite simply, all SPDs are not created equal, and the utilization of a technologically advanced SPD may be the difference between the loss or salvation of millions of dollars in equipment.
There is no doubt that industrial installations face challenges to equipment longevity including generalized wear and tear as well as other more catastrophic events. In nearly every industry, an industrial level facility will be located in an area where environmental factors can play a part, and the sheltering of equipment from weather events is often minimal. This is because attempting to shelter large amounts of outdoor industrial equipment is not cost effective, and the repair and replacement of the affected equipment costs less than building facilities in order to provide additional shelter from the elements.
Most businesses are concerned with saving as much money as possible, and the ongoing push towards minimizing expenses is always a top priority. This becomes especially important when businesses factor in longevity of equipment specified for a particular life span, while facing the unknown dangers of damage or destruction possible during the normal course of operations. Essentially, the extension of the lifespan of a piece of equipment for as long as possible beyond the expected lifespan saves the company money in replacement and repair costs over time, thus minimizing operating expenses. For this reason, many industries take protection from lightning quite seriously, and realize that by minimizing the damage that routine lightning strikes can cause will protect their bottom line. Companies that are serious about lightning protection will most certainly be seeking the most effective technologies to accomplish that goal, and those companies will eventually find Raycap and its Strikesorb line of industrial SPDs.
There is a simple difference between energy that is produced by burning fossil fuels and energy that is produced through wind and solar methods, and that difference translates to money. Electricity to power businesses and homes is the same product if it is produced by fossil fuel burning or by alternative energy sources, and the debate over which one should be the choice of countries like the United States generally boils down to which one costs more. The argument between the two is confused by discussions of greenhouse gasses and climate change, but consumers will essentially vote with their wallets. They are willing to tolerate a certain amount of damage to their planet and to their health, as long as that damage brings about lower prices. People understand that burning fossil fuels creates pollution and damages the environment to some extent, but are generally willing to ignore that damage in favor of not paying more in monthly bills. Green energy technology produces the same product without environmental damage or pollution, but costs more to produce. Public support tends to lean towards fossil fuels because they produce electricity cheaper. But what if that was not the case? What if it was less expensive to produce power using wind or solar sources, and without any damage to the environment at all? If that was the case the debate would be over.
The telecommunications industry is being squeezed at both ends by consumer demands. With the evolution of smart phones and devices, and the access to streaming services and social media, the demand for increased bandwidth and faster speeds has created a situation where consumers judge companies on their accessibility to data rather than the clarity of phone calls. While coverage areas for telephone connectivity are also continually being expanded due to demand, the real pressure is in the data transfer aspects, as consumers expect to be able to stream large amounts of data from any place. Increasing demand for connectivity and network availability places pressure on telecom operators to continually push the envelope and expand their services by putting more and more elaborate and expensive equipment in the field. From the other end, consumers are also calling for lower monthly bills, making it extremely difficult to satisfy both the connectivity demands as well as the pricing pressures. The prices of equipment necessary in the process may be coming down slightly over time as technology improves, but the real savings that affects the bottom line of telecom companies and allows them to compete in this difficult marketplace comes from protecting equipment already installed in the field.
Alternative energy production relies on fuel sources that have no associated cost, unlike fossil fuels like coal and oil which must be mined or extracted. The comparative costs that are charged to the consumers for the final product of electricity are still lopsided favoring fossil fuels, and many do not understand the reasons behind a method without fuel costs ultimately being more expensive than one with fuel costs. The answer to this question lies in the technology that drives the wind and solar methods, and also provides the ability to advance and to reduce costs. The fossil fuel industries have remained technologically the same for many years, the processes being relatively simple. Costs associated with transport and storage of electricity are the same across all industries as the product produced is the same. One method of production does not result in “better” electricity to your home, and in reality there is no difference whatsoever aside from the costs and environmental damages that are produced. The fossil fuel industry has costs that are relatively set, aside from the prices that must be paid for the fuel sources. The green energy industries, on the other hand, have the ability to technologically advance to drive down the costs associated with production.
The telecommunications industry is very “equipment reliant” and there is an ever increasing amount of technological components involved in maintaining the day to day operations. The sheer volume and expense of this equipment prevents many potential players from even entering the market effectively, and creates difficulties with regard to competition for those companies that play in the telecommunications infrastructure space. One of the primary drags on profitability is the fact that much of the equipment that is involved in the process of telecom connectivity is installed in exposed settings, making it susceptible to damage from a number of potential sources. Natural phenomenon like weather will produce large amounts of damage to unprotected equipment in a short time in cases like lightning strikes or over longer periods in cases like ongoing degradation as a result of moisture. Unnatural phenomenon like vandalism can destroy expensive equipment in a matter of seconds. No matter what the threat, the telecommunications industry’s best defense against damage to exposed equipment is an “outdoor active cabinet” or “street cabinet.” These devices are heavily reinforced enclosures constructed from materials like aluminum that will not conduct electricity in the case of a lightning strike and surge, while still providing enough ventilation and heat reduction capabilities to prevent enclosed equipment from damaging itself through ongoing use. The challenge of creating a robust cabinet that can withstand the elements and natural threats must be tempered with building a cabinet that will not cause overheating, and Raycap has developed some of the finest designs in the world.
Green energy production has faced a long, uphill climb to becoming accepted as the logical choice in many countries that are currently entrenched in the extraction industry. Coal, oil and wood have long been the standard with regard to production of electricity, even though they have been proven to be damaging to the environment, dirty and expensive. Quite simply, burning a fuel source to produce electricity has consequences, and the debate over the reduction of these methods to produce electricity in favor of more modern ideas is rooted in cost and availability. The supporters of the extraction industry as the primary source of power of a country or region will argue that the damage that is produced by their methods is minimal, and is legitimized by the lower cost. The supporters of green energy will argue that the unseen costs of environmental damage outweigh the monetary costs that consumers pay, and that we should be willing to pay a higher price to reduce damage and pollution. The basic problem is that it is difficult to get most populations to accept personally paying more for something that can be produced cheaper, when the added consequences are not visible to them immediately. Even though few people would argue that they do not want to damage the environment for future generations, most will still choose to pay less today in the hopes that the damage caused will not be too great.
Across many business genres, one aspect will remain constant and continual, the need to protect critical components and equipment from damage. In all business types, one of the major impacts to profitability is the necessity to replace or repair the equipment that makes the functionality happen. While these components will vary from industry to industry, as will the costs associated with keeping them online, the ability to keep them functioning for longer than is predicted will benefit the bottom line. In a nutshell, if it is predicted and expected that a business will need to replace a certain piece of capital equipment within a certain timeframe, and that equipment lasts longer than that timeframe, then the business is more profitable. Because one of the major causes of damage to computerized and electronic components within modern industrial frameworks is lightning strike and surge damage, the utilization of robust surge protective devices (SPDs) is necessary.
“Street cabinets” is a phrase describing a type of enclosure known in the telecommunications industry as an “outdoor active cabinet.” These industry specific power cabinets are designed with the problematic aspects of the telecommunications industry in mind, where critical broadband equipment and network components are often situated in exposed areas. In transmission networks, there is a significant investment necessary in power and fiber equipment, nearly all of which is both extremely expensive and easily damaged. The positioning of this equipment in exposed areas is necessary and quite problematic, as damage can be sustained from a wide variety of sources ranging from lightning strikes to rodents seeking nesting opportunities. Since the best defense against ongoing damage is a good defense, Raycap manufactures street cabinets in a variety of configurations and sizes.
Most industrialized businesses in the modern age will have a large amount of what can be considered “high tech” equipment involved at critical points in their processes. While the actual implementation of these devices will vary from industry to industry, the fact that they are integrated into the process of management in order to improve the output of the business makes them invaluable. Simply put, computerized equipment can perform the tasks they are designed to handle better than human beings, as well as performing that task for longer periods of time. While there are few that would disagree on the advantages of computerization within the modern industrial business world, the disadvantages present themselves as well. Probably the most obvious disadvantage of computer control equipment within modern industrial businesses is the propensity for damage and cost.
The telecommunications industry involves a significant amount of high tech equipment installed in exposed settings. The protection of this equipment from both natural and un-natural (vandalism) phenomenon is paramount to the protection of investment, as the replacement and repair of damaged equipment can be quite costly. For this reason, along with the manufacture of the surge protection devices that keep sensitive telecommunications equipment safe from electrical surges, Raycap also manufactures enclosures that protect equipment from a host of potential issues. These outdoor active cabinets (also known as street cabinets) are constructed of aluminum and are designed to feature dual ventilation ports within the wall construction, be resistant to corrosion and heat conductivity. Overheating is a common issue when large amounts of equipment is housed within a protective structure, and Raycap street cabinets offer the greatest protection aspects available while still allowing for adequate heat exchange. The cabinets are also lightweight and modular and can be designed specific to customer requirements.
While the debate over alternative energy rages on, with opponents to wind, solar and hydroelectric power production generally basing their argument on cost, new developments in the surge protection field may help end the discussion. Alternative energy power production utilizes free fuel sources in order to produce electricity for public consumption, while traditional power production utilizes the burning of fossil fuels to achieve the same product. While there is no debate that fossil fuel-based production of electricity has environmental impact that is greater than any impact created by green energy technologies, the debate continues based essentially on cost. Most voters are willing to weigh the environmental impact of a production method against the costs that they will bear to have access to the product, and most will lean toward and support the cheapest method of production. As technology produces more efficient methods of power production, the pendulum begins to swing in favor of alternative sources.
Windfarms produce electricity through the blades of windmills being turned by the blowing wind. This motion produces electricity and is transferred through components that are attached directly to the wind turbine tower via the electrical grid. The towers themselves need to be able to receive an unobstructed flow of wind across their blades in order to function properly, creating a risk of lightning strike by their very placement and physical makeup. Being the tallest structure in an area without competing tall structures puts turbines at risk. As the tallest structures in the area, turbines are always at risk of lightning strikes to the tower or blades, and it is expected that they will sustain a certain amount of damage as a result of a direct strike. However, the damage that is produced as a result of the surge of electricity that travels through the connected power lines toward the components used in the process can also be substantial. The control and production equipment is quite expensive, and damage to this equipment as a result of surges can range from simple destruction of equipment circuitry to fire and explosions. The damage is so commonplace that there have been instances of wind-power producers going out of business due to an inability to acquire adequate insurance.
The damage to the components as a result of lightning surges can be prevented and potentially even eliminated completely through the installation of industrial level surge protection devices at strategic points in the equipment chain. By breaking the flow of electricity across the lines and diverting the excess flow to ground when a surge takes place, the equipment downstream is protected and able to continue to function. Prevention of this damage, which was built into the business plans of wind-power producers in the past as higher prices charged for power produced, enables wind farm operators to potentially drive prices down below fossil fuel production. When the two methods of production reach equal costs, there is no reason to continue to debate the issue. The public will generally support the cheapest method of production, and if that method is also the cleanest then the public benefits in two ways.
Raycap is a leading producer of surge protection devices for Photovoltaic (PV) systems that are used in both industrial power production as well as residential or semi-commercial markets. Solar panels and their associated control systems are highly susceptible to damage from both direct and indirect lightning strikes. The reason for this susceptibility is due to the physical makeup of the panels themselves (being large and flat with fully exposed surface areas), as well as the geographic placement of the panels in remote and unobstructed areas. This damage as a result of lightning strikes or surges, coupled into power lines running to and from the sites, can cause catastrophic failure of systems and result in high replacement and repair expenditures, as well as significant downtimes. Raycap products use fast acting metal oxide varistors (MOV) and other technologies to limit overvoltage to the attached equipment, interrupting electrical flow in order to protect circuitry from transients that are out of the safe range. Since 1985, the UL 1449 standard for SPDs has been the primary safety standard for surge protection. In years previous, the devices covered by the standard were known as Transient Voltage Surge Suppressors (TVSS.) TVSS could not operate on circuits exceeding 600 V. Modern devices are now known as surge protective devices (SPDs) and may operate on power circuits not exceeding 1000 V.
There is currently a discussion going on between the fossil fuel industry and the alternative energy producers, in some part due to the fact that the fossil fuel industry views renewable energy as a threat to its profits. As technological advancements bring the costs of renewable energy down and into line with those of fossil fuels, there are some interesting tactics being used to hinder the progress of the widespread adoption of renewable energy technologies. One of the most gratuitous examples of this is Wyoming’s “wind tax.”
The telecommunications industry requires the most robust industrial surge protection equipment to be in position at numerous critical points in order to assure equipment protection from surge events produced by lightning strikes. These installations contain a combination of exposed and critical electronics equipment that cannot withstand the level of electrical surge produced by a lightning strike at or near a tower or rooftop without sustaining damage. The protection of this equipment is necessary not only to ensuring network uptime, but it is a crucial part of preserving the carrier’s budgets allocated to maintenance and repair. Minimizing damage not only assists the company in maintaining profitability but also improves customer satisfaction levels by ensuring connectivity is always available.
Raycap is a leading manufacturer of SPDs, also known as “surge protection devices.” While the primary focus of the company is on the industrial markets, the unique technology developed by Raycap also has an applicability to the residential markets as “whole house” surge surge protectors. The product lines that are produced by Raycap are more robust than most commercial surge protectors that are sold at home or department stores, although the methodologies that are used in order to protect sensitive devices from electrical surge damage are similar. The idea behind surge protection is to install a device in between any equipment that can be damaged by electrical transients or surges, and the source of that electricity. These devices can be installed mid-line, at junction boxes and at electrical panels. The devices are designed to allow only a particular level of electricity to flow through them before cutting off that flow and diverting it to an earth ground. This prevents a voltage level which would be damaging to the equipment from reaching the circuitry of such equipment downstream, instead cutting off that flow.
A “transient voltage surge suppressor” (also known as TVSS) is an older industry term which has been replaced in Standards bodies by the term “surge protective device” or SPD. A transient voltage surge suppressor is a device which is installed on an AC or DC power line to act as a cutoff if there is a momentary surge of electrical power, also known as a “transient.” TVSS devices are considered crucial to the protection of sensitive equipment which would result in circuitry damage or data loss if power overloads were allowed to pass through to them. With regard to surge protection, TVSS devices or SPDs are by far the most popular forms of damage avoidance available today.
There is a large division in the United States over the adoption of expanded alternative energy initiatives. While areas like Nevada are constructing billion dollar solar farms and California are reaping the rewards of wind-generated electricity, other areas of the country are quite resistant to the expansion of these types of technology. The main reasoning behind this push back is purely economic, that reduction on the reliance on coal and oil would eliminate jobs in those particular industries. This is a difficult subject, as many people in some parts of the country do not have the opportunities that other areas have, relying on these jobs in order to get by. For many in coal country, there simply are no other jobs to be had, and entire towns are being supported by coal mining. As residents of these areas see the progress being made in the areas of alternative energy, they see the potentials of their jobs being eliminated.
Surge protection devices (known as SPDs) are one of the only effective methods of reducing the damage that occurs inside electronic equipment when power transients occur. All computer and data processing equipment has a threshold that cannot be breached, with regard to electrical current, before the circuitry is permanently damaged. While industrial equipment may have higher thresholds than consumer or residential versions, it operates with the same principals of overload. Consumer versions of equipment can generally be adequately protected from electrical surge damage with residential grade SPDs that can be purchased at most home stores.Typical surge levels that are seen in residences are often not the same levels that are seen in industrial facilities. Power surges that are seen in residential areas are typically transformer failures that distribute a surge to the homes and businesses connected to that grid, and typically don’t require devices stronger than those which can be purchased over the counter. Industrial facilities are another story entirely.
SPDs which are also known as “surge protection devices” are components that provide the ability to stop an electrical surge from reaching a destination point, thus protecting everything on the other side of that point. All devices which are plugged into a socket or connected to a power source are susceptible to damage as a result of power surges, and it is the single function of surge protection devices to prevent that damage by preventing the electricity that is reaching that component from being of a level too great for the circuitry to withstand before damage occurs. Along with this functionality comes the “electrical surge monitoring” capacities in many SPDs, as it is crucial for the device to be able to allow for power flow up to a certain level while still preventing any flow beyond that level. The new and modern industrial surge protection devices offer this capacity.
Clean energy research and surge protection
There has been much discussion over the past couple of years about continuation of US federally backed research and subsidies for wind and solar technology. Some insist still that fossil fuel industries should be favored for supplying consumers with electricity, since they are what we have always known. While the debate will surely rage for some time to come over renewable energy vs fossil fuel energy, the real discussion always comes down to production costs. There is no debate that fossil fuels cause pollution and alternative energy does not, so the sides will often choose to concentrate on the amount of damage that is actually caused by this pollution. One side will exaggerate the amount of climate impact, and the other side will minimize it, but neither will deny that as far as actual impact on the environment alternative energy production is more favorable. The real debate that will decide the future of energy in America comes down to the costs that must be covered by consumer payments. In a nutshell, the cheapest source of energy will usually be favored. By potentially cutting off research into better methods of production within the alternative spaces, the future president may be keeping the fossil fuel industry relevant.
Raycap is one of the premier manufacturers and suppliers of surge protective devices (SPDs) for industrial applications in the world. Their proprietary technology Strikesorb®, is used in industrial sectors to protect and preserve the power needed to support mission-critical infrastructure. While the unique technology surpasses the traditional capacities of surge protection, it also may inadvertently factor into the move towards making alternative energy production sectors more commonplace by helping these sectors realize reductions in costs. This translates as extended equipment lifespans through improved protection from electrical surge damage, as well as cost reductions within alternative energy sectors that may reduce climate damage while saving consumers money.
Raycap’s technologically advanced Strikesorb line of surge protection products utilizes an “always on” system that provides ongoing protection without the need for resetting or replacement, which could be a key to seeing alternative energy production advance past fossil fuel dependency. Raycap is contributing significantly to the improvement of processes that generate power for consumers using alternative energy sources, driving the costs below fossil fuels and ending the debate over cost-competitiveness once and for all. If a source costs less to produce while also creating less damage to the environment, there is no reason to promote the continued use of the inferior system. In addition and in time, new energy jobs can replace and replenish jobs being lost in the fossil fuel sectors.
How does Raycap’s Strikesorb product line help alternative energy producers reduce costs? By using Strikesorb products placed at strategic positions within wind, solar and hydroelectric systems, a protective redundancy is achieved which shields computerized control equipment from electrical surge damage. The most common form of damage to these systems is produced by lightning strikes and temporary overvoltages (TOVs), which damage the exposed wind turbines or solar panels as well as produce overvoltage events downstream. These electrical surges overload the circuitry of expensive electronics that are connected directly to the wind turbines and solar panels. While the point of direct lightning strike damage is difficult to avoid, the surge damage can be mitigated or completely avoided through the use of Raycap’s technologically advanced surge protection products. Cost reductions resulting from reduced operating expenses provide the ability for energy producers to effectively reduce the charges to consumers.
Elon Musk is the billionaire CEO of Tesla and the visionary behind Space X, which is utilizing private funds to bridge the gaps left when many governments abandoned their space exploration programs due to budget concerns. Musk is a very vocal proponent for green energy technologies, and is utilizing Tesla in a multi-pronged attack on the fossil fuel industry, creating technologies that would be hindered or even eliminated if they were dependent upon public funding for support. Musk has proven time and time again that the problem isn’t the lack of technology or desire to create better systems with less environmental impact, instead placing the blame squarely on the fossil fuel industry itself and its desire to maintain control through suppression of technological advancements. Essentially, Musk’s message is that the oil and coal industries maintain their stranglehold on energy production through governmental intervention and lobbying, keeping their own industries profitable by eliminating any competitive technology. Through his own private investment, Musk is proving that green energy production is able to replace the fossil fuel industries.
When lightning strikes a structure, there is an immediate release of 55 kWh. The electrical surge is so intense, that without adequate protection for the blades, internal and external electronic components and framework, there is a near guarantee that damage will be suffered.
Wind turbines are subjected to some of the harshest climate conditions available, and are especially susceptible to damage as a result of lightning strikes. Without direct strike protection installed on the turbine blades, or insufficient earthing or transient protection, the costs to windfarm operators for the repair and replacement of equipment is significant each year, contributing directly to the costs that must be passed off to consumers in the forms of higher rates. While strikes to blades are quite difficult to avoid and manage, the over-voltage transients that occur after both direct strikes to structures and coupling from strikes to nearby objects are able to be prevented from producing damage if adequately protected with industrial SPDs.
Wind turbines are isolated towers that are very tall and which utilize sensitive electronic equipment for their functionality. Just by their very nature they are at a constant threat from lightning damage. In order to mitigate the risks to the structure, the best line of defense is a properly installed and functioning lightning protection system which has the capacity to intercept the lightning and subsequent surge, and safely conduct it to the earth. As wind turbine systems become more and more sophisticated, their vulnerability to lightning strikes is compounded. The systems which protect these structures from lightning generally will cost less than 1% of the total operational cost of the turbine, while improving both the reliability and cost effectiveness.
The renewable energy industry is made up primarily of solar, wind and hydroelectric plants. These facilities convert free energy sources into electricity for public consumption, and provide the exact same product as the fossil fuel industry. The differences between the two are that the burning of fossil fuels in order to produce electricity produces particulate matter that is dispersed into the atmosphere and affects the air we breathe and the environment we live in, while renewable energy has no associated particulate matter to speak of. There are also costs associated with the fuel sources in fossil fuel energy production, as the materials that must be burned are finite and have a cost to purchase or mine them. There are no associated costs with renewable sources as the wind, sun and flowing water are free to harness. There is little debate as far as the environmental impact that fossil fuels have, and although there is disagreement as to the extent of that impact everyone agrees that comparatively renewable energy sources do not cause the same harm to the earth’s climate. So why then is there still a tendency for world governments to rely primarily on fossil fuels instead of expanding their access to renewable energy? The answer is cost.
The telecommunications industry is relied upon by millions of customers each day to provide them with the ability to make phone calls, connect to the internet, stream data and gain access to emergency services. The cell phone has become much more than a mobile telephone over the course of the last ten years. It is now the main connection device that many consumers have to nearly everything that is outside of their general location. As the demands of consumers to use their cell phones for more and more connection activities has grown, so too has the need for larger and faster data networks. Along with the demand has also grown the costs that are associated with operation and maintenance of the networks themselves. More capacity means more operating costs, and while the increased demand should technically be associated with higher monthly bills, the competitiveness of the industry actually pushes charges down. As operating margins tighten, increased priority has to be put on the protection of the existing network equipment and the extension of the life spans of components. The most effective way to keep costs as low as possible is to prevent damage.
Raycap has produced a proprietary line of surge protection devices which do not need to be replaced after they have performed their task of diverting the surge that follows a lightning strike. The electrical surge that either couples into attached power lines and structures, or travels directly through those lines from the strike point to any connected component is often one of the leading causes of damage to sensitive electronics at industrial installations. In many cases, these electronic components are not only sensitive but quite expensive, having been tasked with the computerized operation of the facility itself. Damage to equipment at the point of strike may not be avoided effectively, but damage that results from the overloading of circuitry in attached components does have the ability to be minimized, if not halted all together. Electrical surge surge damage is often a major factor in the cost of operations of modern industrial facilities, green energy included.
Industrial applications of nearly all types will benefit from the installation and integration of lightning protection systems throughout their facilities. While some may think that lightning protection is limited to the diversion of a lightning strike away from the facility and to a specifically designed attractant like a lightning rod or grounding system, in reality the function of lightning protection extends to other areas such as the protection against lightning surges. Upon casual analysis of the components involved in most modern industrial facilities, one will quickly realize that the damages produced at the strike area itself are actually minimal compared to the costs that can be associated with the power surges that those strikes produce. The degrading or even complete destruction of computerized equipment, data and communications components and general circuitry by lightning surge events provides enormous costs to companies. These costs can be avoided, even if a direct strike to an industrial facility is difficult to avoid. Through the installation of strategically positioned surge protection devices(SPDs) the degradation and destruction of attached electronic components can be minimized or even prevented.
Industrial Lightning Protection Components From Raycap
Most people are unaware of the integral part that industrial lightning protection components play in their daily lives. Even slight fluctuations in electrical current can cause inconveniences as well as dangers for consumers, in many situations. Surge related interruptions in services like cellular networks can increase the dangers to consumers significantly by potentially making communications impossible during crisis situations where storms are presenting the threat of damage or death. Simply calling emergency services can be a life or death situation, and the loss of communications must be viewed in these situations as far more than an inconvenience.
Lightning protectors are devices that are installed into technical systems to protect downstream equipment from the associated electrical surges that follow a lightning strike. The concept is to prevent an electrical surge from traveling through power lines that connect an exposed unit and the computerized, data processing equipment and additional mechanisms that control that unit. As an example, a cell tower would serve as the “end unit,” being completely exposed to the elements and isolated by its natural design.
Raycap is a leading manufacturer of industrial surge protection technologies, which are designed to be more robust and advanced than consumer surge protection devices. While the function of preventing electrical surges from traveling through power lines to equipment that can be damaged by an overvoltage event is the same in both consumer and industrial applications, the higher protection levels afforded to the industrial installations are necessary to protect both investment and system functionalities. An industrial application may involve hundreds of millions of dollars of equipment that is interconnected by copper cable, and the services that they are producing may be of vital importance to millions of people. Needless to say, industrial applications have far more at stake when it comes to the protection of mission critical equipment. For this reason, they must feature the most advanced technologies available.
The electrical surge protection market has gone through a technology evolution over the past decade, leading to the development and distribution of devices that are far superior to previous generations. With regard to industrial-grade surge protection, this evolution is even more dramatic than the residential market because of the rapid advances and pervasiveness of electronic devices in today’s industrial settings.
The price of production continues to be the top benefit to using fossil fuels over renewable energy but tide could soon be turning. Although there is no argument that “green energy” has less impact on the environment and would be beneficial to every nation, there is still a push back from many large countries including the United States to expansion of its use. This is quite simply due to the costs associated with the production of power for consumer consumption, and the unwillingness of the public to pay more for the same product they already get, although it is currently produced in a more damaging way. Most consumers will understand that there is an impact on the environment when fossil fuels are burned, but will still vote with their pocket books and choose the method that will cost less.
Over the past decade, countries all over the world have been embracing renewable energy technologies for many reasons. Renewable energy does not require a source of fuel to burn in order to produce power, which ultimately provides any country embracing a green energy future with power that can in theory be generated with little to no cost. Additionally it reduces the amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the environment, and is thus less hostile to the environment upon which all creatures depend. Opponents of renewable energy will nearly always argue that green energy costs more than fossil fuel production to setup and maintain. Ultimately, the different sources of power have costs that are nearly even, with the one derived primarily by the fuel costs, and the other derived primarily by equipment costs. The playing field has been narrowing for many years as the technological advancements in green energy provide better performance and equipment lifespans. Recent advancements in the surge protection industry have also been helping this, making it entirely possible for the first time in history to produce wind and solar power less expensively than traditional methods.
The green energy movement is being watched not only by those interested in reversing greenhouse damage to the environment, but also by those who are simply “economically” aware. This means that while some may monitor the current state of renewable energy sources with an eye towards how “green” sources of energy like wind and solar can reduce emissions, others are simply looking for a way to reduce their power bill. People who are not activists or passionate about climate change may not necessarily be for or against any one source, but simply supportive of the cheapest methods of energy production for the masses. This group cares mostly about the fact that the lights go on when they want them to, and that the bills associated with that power are affordable.
Cost reductions through the extension of expected lifespans, as well as reductions in downtime due to maintenance and repair expectations are the most effective method of closing the gap between “green” energy production and fossil fuel energy production. At the core of all progress through technology is the presentation of the platform to the public for scrutiny and adoption. Some consumers will allocate a certain amount of acceptance and tolerance of situations that are less comfortable than others if there is a greater benefit to themselves or to society as a whole, but the general consensus of the masses will be to vote with their wallets.
The exploration of “green energy” alternatives to fossil fuels has been at the center of debate for many years, and although there are few outside of fossil fuel insiders who would argue that solar power is not one of the best environmental choices, the adoption of a technology is generally made based on economics. While the attitudes of residents of developed nations may not all be in agreement regarding the necessity to reduce fossil fuel energy production on order to slow the effect of greenhouse gasses on the environment, there is rarely an argument put forth in support of the more expensive of two choices if that choice is also the more environmentally friendly. What this translates to is that the real choice between fossil fuels and solar power production of energy falls squarely on the costs of production. There are some who are willing to pay more for energy if it has less of an environmental impact, but the general choices of the population will gravitate towards the cheapest power available.
Strikesorb is the premier offering from Raycap for surge and lightning protection for wind power systems. To accommodate the need for green energy and next generation power technology, more wind farms continue to be built and current wind farms are being expanded. As this trend continues, both turbine manufacturers and wind farm owners/operators are becoming increasingly aware of the costs associated with damage to these systems from the environment. The costs that occurs when a turbine sustains a lightning strike comes in two forms: the monetary costs associated with replacement of machinery caused by physical damage and the costs associated with the system being taken offline and becoming incapable of producing power. Electrical systems inside of wind turbines are at risk and face continual challenges based on the open landscapes that often surround them because they are generally the tallest structures in an often times exposed area.
The continual change in climate conditions combined with the increasing dependence upon fossil fuels has provided a great in interest in sustainable, renewable energy resources worldwide. One of the most promising technologies in green energy is wind power, which except for high startup costs would be the choice of many nations worldwide. For example, in Portugal, the wind power production goal from 2006 to 2010 was to increase to 25% the total energy production of wind power, a goal which was achieved and even surpassed in later years. While aggressive government programs pushing wind and solar energy production have expanded wind industry substantially, with this increase in the number of wind turbines comes an increase in the likelihood of turbines being struck by lightning. Direct strikes to wind turbines have become recognized as a serious problem, and there are unique issues that make lightning protection more challenging in wind energy than in other industries.
Both solar power and wind power are internationally recognized as crucial components to the future of life in nearly every industrialized society on Earth. The fossil fuel industry still dominates most cultures, with energy produced from the burning of coal, oil, wood or other elements used to produce heat and electricity, power our automobiles and cook our meals. However it is widely recognized that there are multiple alternative methods of producing that electricity and energy including wind and solar power.
Raycap has a full suite of surge protection products available for wind turbine applications. From Strikesorb ,the premier offering from Raycap to various DIN rail mounted protection products and surge and lightning monitoring. As we enter a time in history when the push towards green energy and technology is continually causing more wind farms to be built, and current wind farms to be expanded, both turbine manufacturers and wind farm owners/operators are increasingly aware of the costs associated with lightning strikes. The monetary damage that operators sustain when there is an instance of a lightning strike comes in two forms, the costs associated with replacement of machinery due to physical damage and the costs associated with the system being offline and not producing power.
Solar power production is an industry that has been in the spotlight in the American media landscape for several years as the push towards “green” energy production gains popularity. Generally discussed in the same vain as wind power production, these two sources of renewable energy are favored by most environmentalists due to their negligible impacts on the environment. When compared to fossil fuel energy production, both solar and wind power are far and away the more preferable choice due to their low environmental impact and elimination of greenhouse gasses produced through the burning of fossil fuels. Greenhouse gasses and known and most widely recognized as having serious impacts on our worldwide climate, and the harvesting of the fossil fuel itself has also had serious detrimental effects on our landscapes and living conditions in production areas. With the advent of wind and solar power as viable alternatives that have the promise to fulfill demands, the discussion of complete elimination of fossil fuels as a power source, and the moving to greener production methods, becomes a very relevant one. The hindrance at this point in time are the production costs which directly dictate the price of the energy that is paid by businesses and consumers. While there is generally no argument against wind and solar power as a method of producing power, the push back comes in the form of the prices that must be paid.
Photovoltaic (PV) systems are at risk for significant ongoing damage and revenue losses to power plant operators as a result of damaging electrical storms. Factors ranging from their remote locations and extensive layouts, to direct or indirect lightning strikes affecting system components, can all create revenue losses experienced as interruptions in power generation and equipment replacement costs. Significant losses are sustained if a PV system is offline for even a few hours, let alone days or weeks. The only way to mitigate damages caused by lighting surges is by avoiding the potential effects of surges with surge protective devices (SPDs) installed at inverter locations, inside combiner boxes, as well as at various other points within the PV power facility.
Solar farms using photovoltaic (PV) systems to produce clean energy for consumer or industrial use are subject to serious potential damage due to their specific physical makeup. The necessity to cover wide expanses of land without having direct sunlight compromised by surrounding structures makes solar installations vulnerable to lightning strikes. Combine this threat with the physical wear and tear of exposed open spaces caused by wind, rain and other natural events, and there exists a situation where replacement costs must be figured into ongoing operations. It must be assumed that components of the system will be significantly damaged over time and need repair and replacement. While there is little that technology can do to stop wind and rain damage, surges as a result of electrical storms can be prevented effectively with intelligent choices of surge protective devices (SPDs). All SPDs are not created equal, and offer different levels of solar power surge protection.
Photovoltaic surge protection systems are some of the most effective methods of increasing profitability of solar power plant installations. Operators of PV power systems understand the significant costs associated with equipment replacement or loss, and are also well aware of the risks of damage due to remote locations and extensive layouts. While inclement weather and natural environmental factors pose significant risks to solar installations, perhaps the most critical risk factor is lightning strikes to facility components. Lightning strikes create damage in the forms of both equipment destruction as well as revenue losses associated with systems being knocked offline for extended periods of time. The only effective means of protection is avoidance of the surge itself through installation of SPDs (surge protective devices) within inverter locations, string boxes as well as various other strategic points within the solar facility boundaries.
Over the course of the last five years or so, the nationwide interest in clean energy production has sparked additional demand for larger industrial installations of clean production facilities. The growing demand has produced the need for both larger facilities but also safer and more productive systems. The main issue facing these types of installations is the production of energy at a price which can match fossil fuels. The affordability of energy produced through “less clean” means has historically lead to the stagnation in advancements within the clean energy sectors, simply due to the lack of funding to develop the technologies. As we come closer and closer to prices which are equal, we find that technological exploration into improvements can propel clean energy production to a place which is unmatched as far as affordability.
Electrical surges are one of the greatest threats to wind turbines, and the operation of the systems attached to them. While damages to wind turbines as a result of the harsh natural climates they are exposed to is expected, the damage caused through lightning strikes stands out as especially significant. Due to their natural attraction of lightning by their physical makeups of being taller than surrounding structures and generally placed in remote areas, wind turbines themselves must have an assumed maintenance or replacement plan figured. This type of plan cannot accurately predict lightning damage due to the inconsistent nature of it, as well as the multiple forms of damage that can occur. A direct lightning strike to a wind turbine will undoubtedly produce structural damage to the location of the strike, and there is little that can be done as far as protective measures that will extend equipment lifespans from this type of damage. The coupling of added volumes of electricity into power lines which are directly attached to circuit driven equipment, however, does have an ability to have damage minimized or avoided. Through installation of Raycap Strikesorb SPDs at strategic locations within the wind turbine structure, the inevitable surge can be effectively prevented from reaching it’s destination.
Electrical protection is the common phrase to describe the protection of electronic components from the damages that occur as a result of electrical surges. This problem is quite common due to the fact that electrical flow across power lines is not fixed at a specific capacity, and instead has the ability to surge to unspecified levels, the maximum capacity being only capped by the amount that the supply lines themselves are designed to transfer. Fluctuations in the power levels being transferred across supply lines are known as “transients,” and have the ability to damage or destroy equipment instantaneously. This represents the primary reasoning behind the installation of electrical protective devices in between supply lines and sensitive equipment in so many applications.
Industrial surge protection systems protect wind farms, cell sites and other industrial installations that rely on continuous uptime to remain profitable. In cellular installations, customer connectivity to communications and data networks is facilitated by the ongoing operations of computerized equipment at cell towers in the field. Each cellular tower or rooftop cell site is a component of a communications grid which allows customers to remain connected while they are within range of that particular tower. The structure itself is a target for lightning strikes due to its physical makeup. The tower is designed to be taller than surrounding structures to provide unobstructed signals to be sent and received via the sites remote radio heads (RRHs) installed on tower or rooftops. The RRH is a sophisticated piece of radio equipment located at the top of the tower structure, and directly connected to the base station unit through fiber-optic cable and copper power cables; or by a hybrid combination cable consisting of both. Any lightning strike to the RRH or to the structure itself will generally create a surge that travels directly down parallel lines or is coupled into lines, easily moving from one component to the next through the metal structure to the power cables. These electrical transients must be prevented from making this journey in order to minimize the damage from lightning surges. In addition to physical damage, the downtime from being knocked offline due to electrical surges creates unhappy customers who are unable to connect to the network.
Two industries which see some of the largest benefits from DC surge protection are solar and telecommunications. Although any industrial application which utilizes DC power current setups will be benefited by the installation of SPDs to protect the levels of current running to sensitive equipment at all times, there are several unique characteristics to these industries that make them especially susceptible to lightning strikes which is one of the leading causes of damage and as a result replacement costs to the business. Raycap is a leading producer of DC surge protection products and systems, and offers numerous configurations of its Strikesorb surge protection line, which provides the optimum level of DC power protection from electrical surges produced by lightning strikes.
DC surge protection is necessary in several industries which utilize DC current in order to maintain service functionality. Two major industrial applications of DC surge protection devices is in the telecommunications industry utilizing cell tower structures and in the solar industry utilizing photovoltaic power plants. Although the solar industry is more variable in its utilization of both AC and DC currents, the primary use of DC is wider spread. While there are numerous products on the market which provide a minimal level of surge protection for these types of installations, the Strikesorb line of SPDs (surge protective devices) are an excellent selection due to their superior mechanical construction and benefits.
is the common phrase to describe the protection of electronic components from the damages that occur as a result of electrical surges. This problem is quite common due to the fact that electrical flow across power lines is not fixed at a specific capacity, and instead has the ability to surge to unspecified levels, the maximum capacity being only capped by the amount that the supply lines themselves are designed to transfer. Fluctuations in the power levels being transferred across supply lines are known as temporary overvoltages (TOVs) or transients and have the ability to damage or destroy equipment instantaneously. This represents the primary reasoning behind the installation of electrical protective devices in between supply lines and prior to sensitive equipment in so many applications.
Industrial Surge Protection is one of the single most important elements that needs consideration on every industrial application involving sensitive equipment, computers or data processing. In the modern age, there is a significant amount of automation of nearly all operations on an industrial scale, assuring the ability to stay online during specified times, oftentimes 24 hours a day. The majority of industrial applications have various characteristics in common across nearly every industry, generally utilizing a large amount of electricity. The supply lines to the installation will have capacities far beyond those serving residences, and the probability of transients coming across those lines from the grid or lightning strikes is quite high. The sheer expense of the machinery that is connected to these lines is reason alone for installation of surge protection devices, but when factoring in the potential for human life loss or outages, the choice to deploy electrical surge protection becomes clear.
Industrial surge protection has become an industry that is necessary in order to create extend equipment life and conserve capital. All businesses face similar challenges related to cash flow, and no industry is immune to the pressures that are associated with costs of doing business vs income. As a result of these pressures, of the business of risk management has become huge business of validating methods to keeping costs down while providing service to customers. These analysis generally involve extending the lifespan of industrial equipment in any way possible. The expected replacement schedules of industrial equipment take into consideration wear from regular use, as well as a certain amount of expected natural occurrences which result in the need for replacement or repair. It is here that industrial surge protection systems can be so beneficial to companies.
The protection of wind turbines from electrical surges produced by lightning strikes has become more and more crucial as the move toward wind-generated power grows in popularity. Over the course of the last five years, the increasing interest in “green” energy from both an economic and sustainability aspect has created the need for ever increasing production of new energy sources like wind turbines, solar panels and other alternative energy technology. The majority of “clean” power production shares a common element, the installation of mechanical elements and electronic components in remote areas that are subject to the harshest of weather conditions, including lightning strikes. The damage that results from a lightning strike either directly to a wind turbine or coupled into power lines from a strike to a nearby structure is significant, and can range from catastrophic failures that need complete equipment replacements to offline outages that require expensive maintenance and resetting to restore functionality. While a direct lightning strike to turbine blades or the wind turbine structure itself will invariably produce mechanical damage, the surges that come from these strikes can be prevented from reaching the sensitive equipment of the installation, as long as the electrical protection systems are robust enough to prevent surges of this magnitude. There are millions of lightning strikes every day across the globe, and the prevention of surge related damage to the systems that produce clean energy will help reduce costs and ultimately create a situation where wind-generated power will match fossil fuel power.
There are many different types of industrial applications which utilize sensitive equipment in order to provide functionality, all of which should be outfitted with a surge protective device. In most cases this will be presented in the form of computerized machinery and data processing equipment or lines which will either provide accesses to networks or continually monitor/manipulate situations within the network in order to maintain ongoing operations. Advancements over the years have allowed for larger transfers of data with faster speeds and over larger distances, as well as tighter control over the machinery in play at any point, but with this advanced technology comes greater expense and risk with regards to electrical transients. All of these pieces of technology require certain levels of power to be supplied, and all have a tolerance threshold which cannot be breached safely. One of the most damaging and destructive phenomenon that can happen is the lightning created electrical surge, and without adequate protection against this phenomenon, a company can lose millions of dollars in an instant. The circuitry within modern computers and data processors are only able to withstand a minor fluctuation in current before damage or degradation happens, lightning strikes to the supply lines or the facilities themselves creating surges that are far out of this safety zone. The only effective method of damage prevention is suppression of the surge completely and totally, this being accomplished through the installation of surge protective devices which monitor electrical flow and instantaneously cut it off if necessary.
Wind turbine surge protection is an absolute must if operators are to prevent the eventual failures of equipment and damage to components caused by lightning strikes. Wind farms are generally positioned in remote locations, subject to harsh weather conditions including lightning strike related damage. If lightning strikes even near a wind farm the likelihood of residual surge damage is significantly increased if the wind turbine is left unprotected. In fact, the majority of damage caused by lightning is as a result of indirect strikes to turbines having inadequate protection, or a combination of insufficient grounding or transient surge protection. Lightning strikes will most times be associated with blades, however there is also significant risk of damage as a result of over-current and over-voltage transients which are brought about through both direct and indirect strikes. There are roughly 1,700 active electrical storms at any time of day throughout the world, producing over 100 lightning flashes per second. This means that there are upwards of 8 million lightning strikes every day, and cloud to ground strikes make up about 10% of this number. The odds of a wind turbine being struck by lightning are high, and the resulting damages are not limited to component failure. In addition to the obvious direct strike damage, there is also significant risk to people and structures in the form of step and touch potentials, side flashes and secondary events such as smoke inhalation, potential falling objects and water ingresses.
Surge protection for wind turbines is a crucial addition necessary for wind farm operators to protect their investments, keep operations running and reduce ongoing expenses caused by electrical surges caused by lightning strikes. Wind power is a key to the new energy development movement with the potential of helping countries reduce their reliance on fossil fuels. Countries and companies all over the world are beginning to fully realize the benefits of clean energy production, and as the explosion of interest in wind generated power increases, so does the need for effective protection of these structures and the systems that comprise them. Wind turbines are generally the tallest structures in an area and often are located on high ground. As such they are often subjected to the harshest weather conditions including the thousands of electrical storms present on any given day across the globe. These storms produce nearly 8 million lightning strikes per day.
Industrial Surge Protection is the term that is used to describe the securing of data equipment, processors or other machinery from damage as a result of electrical surges. While the most severe kind of surge which will effect industrial applications is as a result of lightning, there are also surges which are produced by numerous other kinds of failures or errors. No matter what the source of an electrical transient, the only way to prevent damage to equipment is to prevent it from ever reaching the end point. In order to do this specialized industrial surge protectin equipment must be installed in between the source of the electrical surge and the equipment itself. The installation points are generally at junctures, electrical boxes and line joins. The power lines themselves are designed to allow for the most unrestricted flow of electricity possible, so the installation of these diversionary or breaker types of devices becomes crucial in order to prevent the flow when necessary.
Electrical Protection is crucial to the ongoing preservation of the sensitive components inside of computers and most high tech equipment that requires electricity through the power grid. Electrical protection devices will generally fall into two categories, those designed for consumer use within the home and those designed for industrial use to protect today’s complex and sensitive electronic equipment worth millions of dollars. Naturally, the levels of protection necessary for these two classes of equipment are vastly different. Raycap specializes in the manufacture and sale of electrical protection equipment that is designed for industrial use.
Industrial Lightning Protection is an industry that was born out of necessity. As advancements in sensitive electronic components capable of being damaged by even slight fluctuations in electrical current have grown, the necessity to protect that equipment from electrical surges has become more crucial. Because of the expense and more mission critical nature of electronic equipment being installed in industrial applications, advances in electrical protection became necessary.
RF Protection is an industry term to describe protective devices that are installed in order to shield radio frequencies, and are typically involved in modern base station transceiver equipment. In most cases the application involves protection RF and Coaxial data lines, which can be severely impacted by lightning strikes and the associated transient that follows. The area of concentration with regards to RF protection at Raycap involves the design of protective devices which can influence the experience of uninterrupted service within enclosed areas. Raycap designs and manufactures products which protect against the surges and spikes which can produce data failures and outages through the destruction of communication boards. Ongoing, unfettered communication within specific areas of service is our goal.
TVSS or SPD
TVSS is an older term in the electrical surge suppression industry, which is still used by some but is more frequently referred to today as SPD, or “Surge Protective Device.” The term TVSS stands for “transient voltage surge suppressor” and was officially replaced by Underwriter’s Laboratories in the recent past. TVSS devices, which will be referred to as SPDs for the remainder of this article, are interrupters which act as a cutoff of electrical spikes and temporary surges on AC power lines. SPD installation is not only suggested but is crucial for sensitive equipment which would sustain damage if such a surge was to happen on a connected AC power line. SPDs make up the most popular and most widely used of all surge suppression equipment today.
Mobile network providers face higher equipment costs as the demands for expanded coverage areas and network speeds increase. Customers are not only demanding faster networks, better connectivity and uptime from their network providers; they are also faster data rates and lower costs. All of these increased capacities translate to higher expenses for operators, who must find ways to mitigate the costs by extending equipment lifetimes and eliminating risks associated with damage to the equipment on their cell towers and cell sites. Raycap is a specialized company that engineers, produces and distributes technology that provides lightning protection and connectivity solutions for cell sites.
The protection of industrial sites from lightning is a necessary endeavor. The equipment used for lightning protection at a typical industrial site is varied and available in different configurations depending upon the need at the site. The equipment to protect industrial sites from lightning and other electrical overvoltages in order to minimize downtime and avoid industrial equipment replacement costs. Although the expensive and sensitive equipment that drives operations at factories and other industrial installations has an expected lifespan, the business plan will generally figure in an additional cost for replacement of components due to accidents and “less standard” occurrences such as lightning strike or other electrical damage, or theft. One way to increase revenues retained by the business is to leverage equipment in order to minimize replacement costs and maximize the useful lifespan of equipment necessary for continuing operations. The installation of lightning protection technology and systems from Raycap is an excellent way to leverage such assets.
Cell site surge protection is becoming increasingly important due to higher volumes of cellular traffic, 3G, 4G and LTE, and the expansion of the transmission capacities needed. Optimal equipment functionality is necessary in order to keep next generation network infrastructures up and running at all times, and must be protected from devastating natural events such as lightning. As mobile network operators have improved levels of service to their clients through new and improved architectures, such as distributed base station architectures, featuring remote radio head (RRH) technology and the higher capacity base station units that accompany them the need to protect exposed electronics at the tops of the towers has become evident. The ultimate goal of any mobile operator is improved network reliability and availability, and Raycap is the partner of choice for the world’s largest mobile operators. Raycap’s superior cell site surge protection technology is powered by Strikesorb, a technology designed specifically to provide the most extensive protection to mission critical infrastructure.
All businesses are concerned about the bottom line and in exploring the potential advancements that can improve cost savings and increase profitability over time. The obvious desire to increase the top line sales may be the most visible business benefit, but there are significant improvements to be made to business operations by watching savings more carefully. This includes the extension of equipment lifespans and the reduction of equipment replacement costs. Technological advancements which will improve equipment lifespan can be found everywhere in the advanced manufacturing technologies of today. But those that utilize circuit driven machinery within industrial applications and sites have an advantage they may be overlooking. This advantage is the technology offered by Raycap products to provide capital (CapEx) and operational expenditure (OpEx) reductions through effective lightning surge and overvoltage protection.
Most processor-based equipment, or that involving circuitry which can be easily damaged by electrical transients, will either build in or suggest some basic level of overvoltage protection. Electrical “transients” are brief fluctuations in the stable electrical current that flows to a device in order to keep it powered, and many are unaware that there are not only many transients which will happen throughout the course of a day, but also that there are numerous causes for electrical transients which will produce extremely wide ranges in the variation of current, from small and temporary increases to large-scale surges which can produce extreme levels of damage. The basic premise is to keep a consistent level of power flow at all times, while expecting and preparing for the surges which could produce damaging effects.
Industrial surge protection for cell towers and cellular installations has special considerations due to the expenses involved with regards to the sensitive equipment necessary as well as the attraction for lightning strikes themselves which are posed by the towers. Due to the necessary positioning of the towers in order to provide quality service as well as the materials that the towers and structures themselves are constructed from, cellular installations are direct targets for lightning strikes and must be appropriately protected as far as surges and electrical transients. Raycap is one of the world’s leading manufacturer of surge protection equipment specialized for this purpose, and provides it’s Strikesorb technology as the best option for cellular providers.
Those familiar with the industrial surge protection industry understand the importance of the Strikesorb technology developed by Raycap for the protection of mission-critical distributed base station architectures. A cell tower is a prime target for lightning strikes simply due to the combination of height and metal in the construction, along with their often being positioned within areas that do not feature equally tall structures. In essence, the necessary components needed to provide adequate cellular service signals also attract lightning, and the probability of a strike on or near a tower is quite good. Even if critical signaling components on top of towers or rooftops “already have built-in protection” smart operators know that it is crucial to install Raycap’s industrial strength DC surge protection systems to guard against the intense and often repetitive electrical surges that come with a lightning strike. Raycap connectivity and protection solutions for RRH networks protect the sensitive equipment within the cell site which would almost certainly be damaged by a lightning surge. The Strikesorb technology developed by Raycap is deployed by many cellular network operators worldwide, and is recognized as the finest remote radio head (RRH) surge protection solution on the market.
Raycap is one of the world’s leading manufacturer of cable connectivity and lighting surge protection solutions for use in remote radio head (RRH) architectures. Raycap solutions are specifically designed to protect the sensitive radio equipment at the tower tops, as well as the equipment inside the ground shelters at a distributed base station (or RRH) architecture. The RRH architecture (also known as Fiber To The Antenna or FTTA) is key to the development of next generation wireless networks and satisfies the industry’s need for increased capacity, advanced service offerings, and energy efficiency. This innovative architecture moves the active transmission equipment closer to the base station antennas, connecting them through fiber optic and DC power cables to the Base Band Units (BBU) which are typically located close to the DC power at the site.
Raycap offers a full complement of integrated Remote Radio Head (RRH) surge protection and connectivity solutions to enable and protect RRH architectures. These include field upgradable enclosures in a variety of sizes and capacities, cable solutions, mounting systems, boxless connectivity solutions, as well as Strikesorb®, the ultimate lightning & surge protection for the exposed RRHs. Raycap’s connectivity and power protection solutions feature optional maintenance-free Strikesorb surge protection, engineered for use in RRH architectures to protect equipment from incoming lightning currents. Worldwide, Raycap’s solutions for RRH networks have been installed at more than 250,000 wireless sites.
The next generation 5G/LTE networks, as well as 2G, 3G & 4G networks, are dependent upon distributed telecommunications architectures, which are the focus of Raycap’s RRH surge protection and cable connectivity solutions. By providing the ultimate protection to mission critical components at hard to reach locations, network assets are less vulnerable to damage from direct strikes and surge events produced by direct and coupled lightning strikes. Through mitigation of damages to the critical components, cellular carriers have the ability to lower their operational expenses through reduction of the expected replacement rates for damaged equipment, as well as maintain a more consistent and continual uptime rate for customers. Through ongoing and continual electrical protection on mobile networks, Raycap’s systems are able to assist carriers in building their businesses more efficiently and effectively, all the while maintaining better network uptime and reliability.
Raycap draws its expertise from RRH and FTTA/PTTA projects done with some of the largest mobile operators in the world. The company can leverage an unprecedented expertise both at the design phase and throughout the life-cycle of the infrastructure and knows the key drivers of a successful FTTA/PTTA network roll-out. Raycap offers a combination of field-proven products to support any site scenario. Customization of existing products or fully custom new product development is available, depending upon an operator’s needs. Strikesorb systems are safer and far superior to conventional protection technologies for mission-critical architectures such as RRH and are the preferred protection device chosen by the largest mobile carriers and providers worldwide.
Protection of the sensitive equipment involved in the routine operations of industrial sites is paramount in order to avoid costly repairs, replacement delays and crucial data loss. The fragile circuitry that functions within that equipment not only keeps the larger machinery online and functioning correctly, but also prevents even greater losses due to potential damage to less sensitive equipment through malfunction. In essence, the computers, microprocessors and circuit-driven devices are the heart of the industrial site, and they must be protected against damage of any kind in order to ensure smooth operations. Aside from the obvious potentials of theft and natural disasters, electrical overvoltage and power surges are the largest threat to the operations of most industrial sites, and unfortunately this fact is not understood by all owners and managers until it is too late and an accident has occurred. Raycap is in the business of preventing accidents through surge suppression protection, and protection of your installation against these threats is our number one priority.
Industrial sites and factories that house industrial control equipment are often the unfortunate recipients of electrical overvoltage events caused by power surges and equipment switching errors. As well, industrial sites are often in danger of being struck by lightning. In addition to the obvious issues that come with a lightning strike, the volume of consumed electricity that is necessary to keep most industrial applications online makes them especially susceptible to electricity-related damage. In order to minimize the damage to equipment caused by electrical surges, it is crucial to create a redundant electrical protection system for industrial sites.
Surge suppression devices are the single best method of protecting equipment from electrical surges and overvoltage events. Anyone with a computer or television understands the damaging effects of power surges on any equipment which contains circuitry, as a power surge to the home has the ability to easily knock equipment offline and destroy internal components that are only able to handle a limited amount of electrical current. The exact same premise applies to industrial applications and sites, the only real difference is that the stakes are exponentially higher with far greater potentials for both damage and losses in industrial environments. An electrical surge to a private residence can cause thousands of dollars in lost data and equipment failure, and an electrical surge to an industrial site can cause millions, let alone the risk of fire and other dangers. The number one rule with regard to electrical surges is to avoid them if possible, and suppress them if necessary. Raycap is a world leading manufacturer of surge suppression devices and systems designed to protect industrial sites from electrical surges and overvoltage.
Raycap holds the distinction of being recognized as a world leader in the production and manufacture of overvoltage protection components and systems, designed for industrial applications. The patented Strikesorb SPD technology allows for previously unmatched levels of protection from electrical damage to sensitive equipment like microprocessors and computers. Overvoltage events can cripple any equipment connected directly to an electrical grid without interruption equipment installed, being produced through a variety of accidents which can cause surges. These surges are immediate increases in the levels of electricity flowing from the source to the components, and are generally the result of lightning, switching errors, operator error or malfunction. Raycap’s Strikesorb line of products acts as a barrier between equipment and electrical overvoltage levels, in order to instantly divert electrical current away from potentially damaged components if the critical level is exceeded.
Electrical surges are well known to be one of the largest sources of damage to sensitive equipment like microprocessors, computers, circuits and other items that are directly connected to an electrical power source. Household surge protectors are devices used as power strips that work as a method of plugging several household items into a single device but will also trigger a circuit break if there is a power surge, thus protecting any equipment attached from potential loss. Less people are aware of industrial surge suppression systems and devices like those manufactured and produced by Raycap, one of the world’s leading electrical protection companies. Raycap’s business is to manufacture individual components and complete systems that provide protection from electrical surges and overvoltage on an industrial level, working to prevent damage to mission critical equipment worth millions of dollars. Needless to say, simple household surge suppressors are not the type of protection we are discussing.
Raycap manufactures several product lines designed to provide industrial level electricity protection from a variety of causes and sources. While their Strikesorb and Rayvoss lines are not the only protection devices that are utilized within industrial system installations, they are an extremely effective solution for protection devices put into place at the front line conductor entry point locations, protecting both the equipment and the panel boards feeding the equipment. These devices are specifically designed to eliminate electrical power surges from coming into the facility. Both the device and the correct installation point are crucial for leveraging maximum efficiency and protection against the wide variety of electrical spikes. Raycap products have been designed and tested against different surge currents and have proven time and time again to be among the finest on the market.
The different causes of electrical transients require different levels or tiers of surge suppression devices in order to effectively prevent the surge from reaching equipment inside an industrial site. For optimum protection the National Electrical Code recommends a tiered approach of surge protection, placing the high capacity surge suppression devices at service entrances followed by surge suppressors installed at branch panels and downstream. Residual voltage which is the amount of transient voltage that will remain on an AC line after a surge suppressor has functioned can still be extreme enough to cause significant damage downstream. A second and even third level of surge protection is needed in order to provide clean voltage to sensitive equipment.
When lightning strikes many times it is multi-stroke in nature, meaning that a single flash will contain four or even more strokes. Lightning strikes to power lines that are directly connected to equipment will produce surges of massive levels which can not only destroy circuitry but additionally cause fires within industrial facilities and compound the levels of damage. Even lighting strikes to buildings and structures can couple into power lines which are attached to equipment and must have protection systems designed specifically for coupled strikes in place. While a direct strike to equipment is almost assured to cause damage beyond the level of repair, a tiered diversion system consisting of first overhead shields and lightning rods, then high capacity line side and load side surge protection to all conductor entry points, critical panels, and downstream equipment is the best possible plan to protect an entire industrial facility.
Raycap systems for surge suppression will assist your facility in remaining as unaffected by power surges and overvoltage events as possible. Contact us today to find out more.
Raycap is a leading designer and manufacturer of electrical overvoltage protection devices and systems for use within industrial sites. The protection systems developed by Raycap use industrial-grade components, such as the patented Strikesorb SPD technology, which enable unmatched levels of protection of critical, sensitive equipment within the industrial site. This vulnerable equipment, such as computers, microprocessors and other devices powered through the electrical grid would be damaged by lightning strikes and other overvoltage events which produce power surges coming from the electrical grid or from inside the industrial facility itself. The protection technology inside of Raycap’s products prevents damage occurring from varying overvoltage and surge causes, and is designed to prevent any electrical surges from coming into contact with equipment.
Raycap is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of electrical protection devices. Its electrical protection systems are designed to provide the finest protection available for industrial equipment and sites. Electrical protection comes in numerous forms to divert the damage from specific electrical events, and the combination of these mechanisms into systems is the best way to provide complete protection from electrical surges.
Protection From Lightning On Industrial Sites
The protection of industrial sites from lightning strikes and the surge damage that occurs as a result is important in order for companies to reduce the amount of losses absorbed over time. There are two types of degradation losses as a result of surge instances that occur and effect sensitive equipment and data, causing gradual degradation due to surges at shutoff and startup, and instant damage and loss as a result of large power surges, generally as a result of lightning strikes. The ongoing damage to equipment as a result of the switching surges is mitigated through the use of specific protection equipment, and the protection from lightning is achieved by using several methods and types of equipment designed specifically for the purpose. Lightning losses are as a result of damage to computer components and programmable logic controls or microprocessors from the physical or the data loss standpoint. Raycap is a leading manufacturer of systems designed to mitigate lightning losses of both kinds.
TVSS For Electrical Protection
The term TVSS has been in use for years, being a shortened version of “transient voltage surge suppressor.” Raycap is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of TVSS devices, or Surge Protective Devices (SPDs), used throughout industrial sites to protect sensitive equipment from power surge damage and data loss. Electrical surges on AC power lines can be caused by several different events, all with varying degrees of damage as a result. In the case of lightning surges where spikes of over 50,000V routinely happen, Strikesorb TVSS equipment installed before and after the point of strike has the ability to minimize loss from the lightning surge. TVSS equipment also mitigates the damage from minor spikes or surges or “electrical transients” caused by the switching on and off of equipment.
What Is TVSS?
TVSS is the industry term for a “transient voltage surge suppressor”. This term is still in use however it has been officially replaced by Underwriter’s Laboratories with the term “Surge Protective Device” or (SPD). TVSS are devices that act as a cutoff in the case of a momentary spike or surge of electrical power on an AC line. The installation of TVSS (SPDs) is crucial to the protection of sensitive equipment that can be damaged by electrical surges on AC lines; and of the data that might be destroyed if such spikes happen. TVSS devices (SPDs) are the most popular type of surge suppression equipment in use today.
Industrial Protection From Lightning
Raycap is a world-leader in the manufacture of equipment and products that provide industrial protection from lightning. There are hundreds of thousands of industrial sites in the United States alone that are highly susceptible to a lightning strike at any time, all of which are at risk of costly losses due to the electric surges that result. These losses will generally come in the form of damage to high tech equipment or data loss due to that damage, as seen in the failures of fragile components inside computers, programmable logic controls (PLC) or microprocessors, all of which are heavily used in the automation processes of industrial sites. The protection that can be provided by the addition of Raycap products to both existing and new sites can potentially save millions of dollars in a single incident, and while direct strikes are rare, the potential for damage exists 24 hours per day.
Industrial Lightning Protection
A lightning strike is one of the most costly and damaging incidents that can happen to factory equipment, damaging high-tech electronic equipment like computers, microprocessors and programmable logic controls (PLCs) used to automate manufacturing systems at industrial sites. Although rare, lightning strikes cause large electrical surges that have the potential to cause catastrophic failures and process interruptions, bringing the necessity of industrial lightning protection into the planning of any industrial site. Industrial grade surge protective devices like Raycap’s Strikesorb and Rayvoss products are the only real solutions for serious protection of equipment from these overvoltage situations. If equipment goes unprotected, even a single unfortunate incident can cost millions in damage.
Strikesorb Surge Protective Devices – Technology
There are several manufacturers of Surge Protective Devices (SPD) worldwide, sharing a global market that is expected to exceed US$2.4 billion by 2020, driven by the global need to protect sensitive electronic equipment from power fluctuations. The overwhelming majority of the SPD manufacturers use the same technologies – developed some 30 years ago – to protect today’s sophisticated electronic equipment. Their approach to surge suppression relies on using a multitude of bulk produced, commercial quality, low surge current rated metal oxide varistors (MOV) or silicon avalanche diodes (SAD) originally developed for electronic printed circuit board (PCB) applications.
Future-Proofing Your Remote Radio Head Networks
For mobile operators to remain competitive they must find ways to quickly deploy remote radio head networks to meet their service offering expansion targets before their competitors do.
To make ready for the explosion of mobile traffic, mobile operators are making infrastructure changes to support an ever-increasing consumer appetite for media rich services. They are building new or retrofitting existing wireless networks that will accommodate expanded capacity to support future growth and enable the deployment of next generation networks. While operators are working to make these improvements, they must also manage capital expenditures and balance rising operational costs to ensure their competitiveness in a fast-changing, high-stakes industry.
The need for industrial surge protection
Today’s industrial and professional equipment is dependent upon microprocessors and other sensitive electronic equipment, increasing the world’s need for greater protection from electrical surges. Embedded microprocessors, computers, programmable logic controls (PLCs) and other electronic circuitry that is used to automate industrial machine programming, tool changes, motor speed and other processes within sophisticated manufacturing systems is especially vulnerable. At industrial sites, power surges wreak havoc on equipment, causing catastrophic failures, interrupting processes and causing equipment to prematurely age, leading to failure. However by deploying industrial surge protection, manufacturers can mitigate potential problems and keep their equipment and the related processes up and running reliably without disruption or damage due to surge-related events.
Raycap has contracted the services of Focus Internet Services, a Las Vegas based SEO company to provide search engine optimization and web design. Focus has already been utilized by Rayacap on numerous projects over the course of the past year involving website design for various associated arms of the brand, and moving forward Raycap will also utilize Focus for SEO work in order to develop higher rankings for the keyphrases used by potential customers to find the products and services offered by the company. Raycap understands the importance of rankings on search engines for businesses in both global and local settings in the modern world, and as decision making relies more and more on internet research year to year, Raycap understands the need to be well represented within the medium in order to grow and expose themselves to larger pools of customers.